Textbook Notes (368,566)
Canada (161,966)
Sociology (1,513)
SOC101Y1 (470)
Chapter 14

SOC101Y1 Chapter 14: Week 14 Reading: Politics & Citizenship
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Department
Sociology
Course
SOC101Y1
Professor
Christian O.Caron
Semester
Fall

Description
State: specific territory held together by a centre of power, with clear drawn boundaries on map and land - Every resident of the area belonging to the state is subject to the authority of the state - Authority of the State: ability to declare and enforce the law of the land - Coercive Force: state has a monopoly over the legitimate means of violence - Any use of physical force not authorized by the state is condemned as an act of violence - Enabling and constraining influences, inherently ambiguous - Regionalism: which state power may be seen as an adversary of local autonomy; specificity of local interest and issued become singled out as sufficient reasons for aspirations to the self-management of local affair - De-territorialization: territorial basis of state power being open to challenge - Not all states are national and not all nations have states of their own Laws: announced and guarded by the state determine thee duties and the rights of the state subjects - Payment of taxes Rights: The Charter of Rights - Negative Rights: freedom from...resistance to overt state control or interference - Positive Rights: freedom to… entitlement one should or might expect Citizenship: form and bin people to a community but exclusive by nature 1. Status or identity given to individuals by sovereign states according to various customs or laws (birthright, naturalization) 2. Entitlement to various rights and services provided mainly by sovereign states - Dynamic and constantly negotiated Immigration to Canada - Who and how many should enter Canada? - What obligations should Canada have to immigrants? - What values do we wish to see reflected in our immigrants? In our immigration policies? Immigration: relocation and resettlement of a person from a foreign nation - Based on the visions of nations - How should the nation be build? Whose perspective matters? - Immigration discourse ignores that Canada is a largely immigrant country - Main immigrant categories: workers, refugees, family members Nation: an “imagined” community because it exists as an entity in so far as its members mentally and emotionally identify themselves with a collective body - is not a reality in the same way in which the state may be defined - Often times occupy a continuous territory; no monopoly of residence on any territory due to immigration Nationalism: demand power- the right to use coercion- in order
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