GENDER AND SEXUALITY
Differences in sex organs by 14 week
Biological sex vs. sociological gender
Gender identity vs. gender role
Sexual identity vs. sexual orientation
Sexual orientation: the way a person derives sexual pleasure, whether with
same or different sex.
Gender identity: One’s identification with, or sense of belonging to, a
particular sex—biologically, psychologically, and socially.
Transgender & transsexual
Eichler: transgendered are seen “in between” by people.
Evidence suggests that, if gender reassignment is before 18mo, it tends to
Sexuality: what leads to erotic arousal and produce genital response?
Sexual scripts: whom, when, where, and what is ok to be sexual.
Compulsory heterosexuality: “individuals should desire only the opposite
MALES: their rights to physical, economic, and emotional access to
FEMINISTS: take extreme position that women should reject heterosexuality
since is based on inequality, and it perpetuates male dominance.
Quebec and BC are more accepting on homosexuality.
Masculinity is more likely to be assessed in terms of status and power than
Quid pro quo sexual harassment: make conditions for employment.
Hostile environment sexual harassment: unfriendly at work.
Sexual pluralism :
- There’s a need to regulate sexual behaviour.
- Only by their meaning for the participants.
- It encourages people to see sexuality positively, as a means of achieving
greater pleasure, freedom of expression, and self-realization (consider
- Pornography can be a means for women to create and disseminate
their own sexual