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SOC210 Perspective of Intersection of Race by Faith Edem.docx

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Department
Sociology
Course
SOC101Y1
Professor
Baljit Nagra
Semester
Fall

Description
Perspecitive on Intersections of Race, Ethnicity, Gender and Other Grounds: Latinas at the Margins By Faith Edem  This Article proposes an alternative approach to discrimination claims.  She uses the ‘intersectional approach‘ as a vehicle and focus on the lived realities of racially or ethnically defined women—specifically Latinas.  An intersectional approach recognizes the unique experience of the individual based on the intersection of all relevant grounds—gender, color, ethnicity class, immigrant status & disability.  Traditional top-down rigid legal prescriptions are insufficient to solve these complex matters of intersectional oppression.  The idea is to create judicial standards that require more proactive anti-discrimination programs and laws.  I argue that Latinas have unique vulnerabilities and are more likely to experience multiple forms of discrimination because they have multiple identities.  This article presents a narrative of the Latina experience within the intersectional framework. I. An Introduction to the Intersectional Approach  The concept of intersectionality have been defined as the oppression that arises out of the combination of various forms of discrimination.  It is assumed that racially or ethnically defined women experience discrimination in a completely different way. An intersectional approach recognizes this concept.  Most importantly, it focuses on society‘s response to the individual as a result of the confluence of grounds for discrimination, and does not require the person to slot herself into rigid compartments or categories.  Women of color in particular are often the subject of both racism and sexism. In the United States, black women and Latinas are the least likely to have men prosecuted and incarcerated.  Jurors may be influenced by sexualized propaganda into believing that racialized women are likely to consent to sex.  More over racially or ethnically defined women may be disproportionately affected by the experience of racism when, due to labor market segregation. Women faced with multiple forms of discrimination are often left with remedies that do not fully take into account the injury. II. Comparative and International Approach  Several international human rights organizations and mechanisms have acknowledged , either explicit or by reference, the race and gender frequently interrelated (The World Conference on Women, Social and Cultural Rights, etc) o B. Supreme Court of Canada  The Supreme Court of Canada has recently included comments on multiple and intersecting grounds of discrimination.  However though multiple levels of discrimination may exists, multiple levels of protection may not.  Canadian courts are thus evolving from addressing intersectionality within a limited context to fostering a broad understanding of the concept and using it to remedy problems of intolerance. o C. United States  Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 prohibits discrimination on the basis of carious factors, including sex, race, and national origin.  U.S. courts have slowly accepted the notion that discrimination may be based on multiple factors, but many continue to have difficulty conceptualizing intersectional claims.  Discussions regarding intersectional theory first took place in the context of black women‘s experience.  Because Title VII doe
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