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Chapter 13

SOC101Y1 Chapter Notes - Chapter 13: Collective Behavior, Social Movement Theory, Social ControlPremium

3 pages18 viewsFall 2016

Course Code
Christian O.Caron

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Collective behaviour : voluntary, often spontaneous activity that is
engaged in by a large number of people and typically violates dominant
group norms and values
No official division of labour, hierarchy of autonomy, established rules /
No institutionalized norms governing behaviour
Examples : crowds, mobs, riots, fads, fashions
Often directed towards public issues (ex: pollution)
Common influence / stimulus that creates response
Timing - weekends, more people off work
Breakdown in social control mechanisms
3 majors factors contribute
Conditions for Collective Behaviour
Crowd : relatively large number of people in one another's
immediate vicinity
Mass : large number of people who share an interest in a
specific idea / issue, but not in immediate physical vicinity
Ex: fear, hostility, joy, grief, disgust, shame, surprise
Dominant emotion : publicly expressed feeling perceived by
participants and observers as the most prominent in collective
Distinctions Regarding Collective Behaviour
Collective Behaviour
Presence of large number of people in an area does not necessarily
create crowd behaviour
Casual: large gathering of people at the same place / time
Ex: religious service graduation, concert, lecture
Event would not occur without crowd
Conventional : specifically gather for event --> FOCUS
Casual and conventional crowds
Expression of strong emotion
Ex: worshippers at religious service
Acting: so focused on purpose creates violence / disruption
Mobs : emotional crowd engaging against specific target
Riots : violent crowd fuelled by emotion without a target
Panic : reaction to threat with self-destructive behaviour
Expressive and acting crowds
Engage in activities to achieve specific political goals
Ex: sit-ins, marches, blockades, strikes, boycotts
Can turn into an acting crowd (escalate)
Protest crowds
Types of Crowd Behaviour
Contagion theory
Explanations of Crowd Behaviour
“Collective Behaviour, Social Movements, and Social Change,” available as pdf
January 18, 2017
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