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Chapter 13

SOC101Y1 Chapter 13: Social Movements
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by OneClass2424868 , Fall 2016
3 Pages
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Department
Sociology
Course Code
SOC101Y1
Professor
Christian O.Caron
Chapter
13

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Collective behaviour : voluntary, often spontaneous activity that is
engaged in by a large number of people and typically violates dominant
group norms and values
No official division of labour, hierarchy of autonomy, established rules /
procedures
No institutionalized norms governing behaviour
Examples : crowds, mobs, riots, fads, fashions
Often directed towards public issues (ex: pollution)
Common influence / stimulus that creates response
Timing - weekends, more people off work
Breakdown in social control mechanisms
3 majors factors contribute
Conditions for Collective Behaviour
Crowd : relatively large number of people in one another's
immediate vicinity
Mass : large number of people who share an interest in a
specific idea / issue, but not in immediate physical vicinity
Ex: fear, hostility, joy, grief, disgust, shame, surprise
Dominant emotion : publicly expressed feeling perceived by
participants and observers as the most prominent in collective
behaviour
Distinctions Regarding Collective Behaviour
Collective Behaviour
Presence of large number of people in an area does not necessarily
create crowd behaviour
Casual: large gathering of people at the same place / time
Ex: religious service graduation, concert, lecture
Event would not occur without crowd
Conventional : specifically gather for event --> FOCUS
Casual and conventional crowds
Expression of strong emotion
Ex: worshippers at religious service
Acting: so focused on purpose creates violence / disruption
Mobs : emotional crowd engaging against specific target
Riots : violent crowd fuelled by emotion without a target
Panic : reaction to threat with self-destructive behaviour
Expressive and acting crowds
Engage in activities to achieve specific political goals
Ex: sit-ins, marches, blockades, strikes, boycotts
Can turn into an acting crowd (escalate)
Protest crowds
Types of Crowd Behaviour
Contagion theory
Explanations of Crowd Behaviour
“Collective Behaviour, Social Movements, and Social Change,” available as pdf
online
>
January 18, 2017
12:00 PM
READINGS Page 136

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Description
Reading 2.2: Social Movements January 18, 2017 12:00 PM > Collective Behaviour, Social Movements, and Social Change, available as pdf online Collective Behaviour Collective behaviour : voluntary, often spontaneous activity that is engaged in by a large number of people and typically violates dominant group norms and values No official division of labour, hierarchy of autonomy, established rules / procedures No institutionalized norms governing behaviour Examples : crowds, mobs, riots, fads, fashions Often directed towards public issues (ex: pollution) Conditions for Collective Behaviour Common influence / stimulus that creates response 3 majors factors contribute Structural factors increasing particular stimulus responses Timing - weekends, more people off work Breakdown in social control mechanisms Distinctions Regarding Collective Behaviour Crowd : relatively large number of people in one another's immediate vicinity Mass : large number of people who share an interest in a specific idea / issue, but not in immediate physical vicinity Dominant emotion : publicly expressed feeling perceived by participants and observers as the most prominent in collective behaviour Ex: fear, hostility, joy, grief, disgust, shame, surprise Types of Crowd Behaviour Presence of large number of people in an area does not necessarily create crowd behaviour Casual and conventional crowds Casual: large gathering of people at the same place / time Ex: bus or shopping mall --> observers don't interact with one another Conventional : specifically gather for event --> FOCUS Ex: religious service graduation, concert, lecture Event would not occur without crowd Expressive and acting crowds Expression of strong emotion Ex: worshippers at religious service Acting: so focused on purpose creates violence / disruption Mobs : emotional crowd engaging against specific target Riots : violent crowd fuelled by emotion without a target Panic : reaction to threat with self-destructive behaviour Protest crowds Engage in activities to achieve specific political goals Ex: sit-ins, marches, blockades, strikes, boycotts Can turn into an acting crowd (escalate) Explanations of Crowd Behaviour Contagion theory
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