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Chapter 17

SOC101Y1 Chapter 17: Environment, Science, Technology
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4 Pages
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Department
Sociology
Course Code
SOC101Y1
Professor
Christian O.Caron

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Tipping point: critical threshold - when a slow/gradual process
reaches a tipping point it will, with little/no warning, rapidly
accelerate causing dramatic changes --> ecological systems are
close
When earth reaches tipping, no longer have resources
Many environmental problems originate in relationship between
nature and society --> structure of institution and policies
The Earth in Danger
Environmental problems have social and biophysical bases
Partly the result of human intervention in nature, such as
industrial and transportation activities
Most societies rely on burning fossil fuels
Relationships among industry, the state, environmental
movement
Climate change as a sociological issue
Tragedy arises when people try to maximize their personal
economic gain by exploiting the commons
Companies profit from increased production, but does not
have to pay the costs associated --> society does
Pollution is an externality because its cost is externalized
from the private company to state / society
Grows when many companies engage in detrimental
environmental pursuits --> commons destroyed
Tragedy of the Commons
Incorporating the Environment into Sociological Analysis
Introduction
Did not become prominent until the 1970s
Before, only wanted to protect resources, no concern for companies
'Silent Spring' --> sparked movements, demand for government
regulation
Club of Rome : researchers to explore --> published report
1980s : discovery of hole in ozone
Sustainable development : dual needs of protecting the environment
and allowing economic growth
Risk-society thesis: developing welfare states of Western
world were preoccupied with issues relating to distribution
of social goods, including wealth, educational
opportunities, consumer goods, income, and property
Economic contingency logic : larger proportion of the
Environmental Attitudes
Environmental Concern
Development of Environmental Awareness / Concern
“Sociology and the Environment,” in Commit Sociology, vol 2 p174-195
Reading 2.6: Environment, Science, and Technology
March 1, 2017
12:00 PM
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Description
Reading 2.6: Environment, Science, and Technology March1, 2017 12:00 PM Sociology and the Environment, in Commit Sociology, vol 2 p174-195 Introduction The Earth in Danger Tipping point: critical threshold - when a slow/gradual process reaches a tipping point it will, with little/no warning, rapidly accelerate causing dramatic changes --> ecological systems are close When earth reaches tipping, no longer have resources Many environmental problems originate in relationship between nature and society --> structure of institution and policies Incorporating the Environment into Sociological Analysis Environmental problems have social and biophysical bases Climate change as a sociological issue Partly the result of human intervention in nature, such as industrial and transportation activities Most societies rely on burning fossil fuels Relationships among industry, the state, environmental movement Tragedy of the Commons Tragedy arises when people try to maximize their personal economic gain by exploiting the commons Companies profit from increased production, but does not have to pay the costs associated --> society does Pollution is an externality because its cost is externalized from the private company to state / society Grows when many companies engage in detrimental environmental pursuits --> commons destroyed Development of Environmental Awareness / Concern Did not become prominent until the 1970s Before, only wanted to protect resources, no concern for companies 'Silent Spring' --> sparked movements, demand for government regulation Club of Rome : researchers to explore --> published report 1980s : discovery of hole in ozone Sustainable development : dual needs of protecting the environment and allowing economic growth Environmental Concern Environmental Attitudes Risk-society thesis: developing welfare states of Western world were preoccupied with issues relating to distribution of social goods, including wealth, educational opportunities, consumer goods, income, and property Economic contingency logic : larger proportion of the
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