Textbook Notes (368,497)
Canada (161,927)
Sociology (1,513)
SOC101Y1 (470)
Chapter 2

New Society: Chapter 2

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Department
Sociology
Course
SOC101Y1
Professor
Robert Brym
Semester
Fall

Description
Cultureasproblemsolving Cultureisallthesociallytransmittedideaspracticesandmaterialobjectspeoplecreatetodealwithreallifeproblemso Eatingbaconand2eggs100helpsrelieveanxietyo Toolshelppeoplesolveproblemofhowtoplantcropsandbuildhouseso Religionhelpspeoplefaceproblemofdeathandgivesmeaningtolife Religiontechnologydifferfromsuperstitions100eggsandbaconbecausesuperstitionsareuniquetotheINDIVIDUALwhocreatedthemreligionandtechnologyareculturebecausetheyareWIDELYspread Culturebecomessharedwhenitissociallytransmitted CultureissumofSOCIALLYTRANSMITTEDIDEASPRACTICESANDMATERIALOBJECTSTHATENABLEPEOPLETOADAPTTOANDTHRIVEINTHEIRENVIRONMENTSOriginsofCulture Earlyhumanscreatedsurvivalkitsuniquelyhumantalentthereare3tools1 Abstractionabilitycapacitytocreateideasorwaysofthinkinga Symbolscarrymeaningslanguagesmathematicalnotationssignsallallowustoclassifyexperiencesandgeneralizefromthemb Werecognizewecansitonmanyobjectsbutonlysomeobjectshave4legsbackingandspaceforonepersondistinguishedaschairsc Bytimebabyis1theycanunderstandchairsandrefertoclassofobjectsd Abstractionanythingbeyondrudimentarylevelisauniquelyhumancapacitye Abilitytoabstractenableslearningandtransmitknowledgeinawaynootheranimalcan2 CoOperationcapacitytocreatecomplexsociallifebyestablishingnormsa Normsstandardsofbehaviourgenerallyacceptedwayofdoingthingsb Raisechildrenbuildschoolcooperationtoreproduceandadvancehumanracec Createcommunitiesandindustriespoolingresourcesencouragingpeopletoaccomplishthingsthatcantbedonealoned Socialarrangementsinstitutionshealthcaresystemsreligiousworshipadvancedhumancapacitytocooperateandadheretonorms
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