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SOC101Y1 (470)
Chapter 13

New Society: Chapter 13

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Department
Sociology
Course
SOC101Y1
Professor
Robert Brym
Semester
Fall

Description
Throughthe1990sitwasthoughtthatreligionsinfluencewasdecliningandCanadiansandpeopleinmostothertechnologicallyadvancedcountrieswereleavingreligionbehindexceptforUSA HoweverreligionisincreasinginmanypartsoftheworldincludingNAmericaRussiaAsiaSociologyandReligion Empiricalknowledgebasicofsciencethatwhatcountsasrealiswhatwecandetectthroughoursenses Thelimitationsofsenseperceptioncanonlybeknownthroughfaithaccordingtoreligion Scienceandreligionarecompatiblescienceiswhatisperceivableandreligionisthenonperceivable Durkheimreligioncanaffirmnothingthatsciencedeniesdenynothingthatitaffirms Sociologycannotprobethesupernaturalclaimsthatreligionisaboutbutitcanobserveo WhotendstothinktheyhaveexperiencedGodo Whobelievesinlifeafterdeathandwhatindividualsthinkwillhappenafterdeatho Theextentinwhichpeoplehavespiritualneedsandwhatspiritualitymeanso Howmanyandwhatkindsofpeopleareinvolvedinreligiousgroupso Theimpactthatreligiousinvolvementhasonindividualsandsocieties MaxWeberTheessenceofreligionisnottheconcernofsociologistssincewemakeitourtasktostudytheconditionsandeffectsofaparticulartypeofbehaviour ThefactthatreligiousideasareheldmeantheycanhaveimpactonindividualsandsociallifeTheoreticaltraditionsMarxandconflict MarxJewishbutbelievedreligionisahumancreation Manhasfoundonlyhisownreflectioninthefantasticrealityofheavenwherehesoughtasupernaturalbeing Canresolveundesirableconditionsbychangingorreinterpretingthem Religionresultsinpeoplewhoareeconomicallyandpoliticallydeprivedinredefiningrealityinsteadofchangingtheiroppressiveconditions Religionsoothesdisadvantagedblindingthemtoinequalitiesandbottlinguptheircreativeenergies Substitutereligiousstatusforsocialstatus
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