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SOC101Y1 (470)
Chapter 14

New Society: Chapter 14

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Department
Sociology
Course
SOC101Y1
Professor
Robert Brym
Semester
Fall

Description
ToryHaythelawyergropedtwowomenandthenwasremovedfromhislawfirm HaroldFinesoldcondomsin1961andsentencedtopay100 TheseillustratehowdefinitionsandperceptionsofdeviancechangeovertimeanddisagreementsariseoverthedefinitionsDevianceandcrimeasoutcomesofsocialcontrol DeviancedoesNOTalwaysmeannonconformitynotsynonymouswithruleviolation Nonconformitybecomesdeviancewhenproducesnegativesocialreactionandpubliceffortsmadetochangethebehaviororpunisho Calledsocialcontrol Informalsocialcontrolthroughinteractionsamongindividualsincludesexpressionsofdisapprovalavoidanceotherwaysweexpressandenforcestandardsofappropriatebehaviouro ExSelfcontrolWhatwouldothersthink Formalsocialcontrolbystatethroughofficialorganizationsandagentsprimarilycriminaljusticesystemo Reliesonexternalcontrolofpeopleafterdefinedofdeviants Betweeninformalformalissocialcontrolsbasedondifferentorganizationsagenciesinstitutions Softerformsofcontrolregulatebehaviourthroughreasonpersuasionandscientificauthoritycanalsoberepressiveandcoercive DeviancedefinedbynegativesocialreactionsBUTcanhavepositiveconsequencesforsomesocialgroups Durkheimdevianceandcrimeoccurinallsocietiesinevitableandintegralservesomepositivesocialfunctiono Rulebreakingcanincreasesolidarityorintegrationinagroupo Clarificationofagroupsmoralboundarieso Allowsthosewhofollowrulestofeelvirtuousandreinforcesconformitybyreminderofcostsofrulebreakingo Societiesneeddeviancetokeepthemflexibleandallowthemtoadapttochangingworld Peopletestingsocietiesrulesprovideopportunitytoconsiderifrulesshouldbechanged Durkheimsaystoomuchdevianceleadstochaosandconflictunderminesstabilityofsocietyo GaryMarxidentifiesironiesofsocialcontrolwayssocialcontrolleadstomoredeviancecarchasesleadtodeathchargesofmanslaughterinsteadofjuststolencar Deviancenotjustcharacteristicofbehavioursbutisinterritorybetweenbehavioursandreactionstothem Crimeisspecialcaseofdeviancedefinedbysocialnormsformalizedincriminallaw Oftengreaterconsensusaboutwrongfulnessofcrimesthanotherdeviantbehaviours ConflicttheoristsanalyzerelationshipamongpowerstrugglesoverdefiningdevianceorganizationofsocialcontrolpeopledefinedasdeviantThesocialconstructionofdevianceanditsconsequences Moralcrusadeseffortstodefinedevianceinitiatedbyindividualsorgrassrootsorganizationso Pushforcreationofdeviancedefinitionsclaimingcertainbehavioursconditionsviolatefundamentalmoralstandardso EgMADDo Recentlygroupstrytoeducatepublicabouthealthandsocialcostsofndcigarettesconsequenceof2handsmokeleadtonosmokingbylaws Notallmoralcrusadessuccessfulo Antiabortiongroups Successofmoralcrusadedependsonextenttheclaimscangetsupportwithsubstantialpoliticalandeconomicpower Groupsholdingvyingforpoliticalpowerlaunchmoralcrusadeso Torieswantedtocriminalizesqueegeekidsbecausetheymadestreetsunsafe Whydomoralcrusadesoccuro Claimsmakersrecognizeharminbehavioursorconditionstheywantdefinedasdevianttakeuponthemselvestoeducaterestofsocietyo BUTsomebehaviourdefinedasdeviantarequestionablelimitedharmbeggingandsomeharmfulthingsarenotdeviantunsafesexStatusconflictandthesocialconstructionofdeviance Marxistsconflictbetweenclassesandcapitalistdesiretocontrolworkingclassresultsinsomebehavioursburglarybeingtargetedforcontrolmorethanotherbehaviourscorporatecrime ConflicttheoristsbasedonFoucaultfundamentalbutoftendisguisedconflictsinmodernsocietyemergeoverknowledgeandwaysitisproducedandlegitimizedthroughmediatechnologyandscientificexpertise StatusconflictperspectivehasrootsinWeberanddevelopedbyVoldTurkQuinneyo Varioussocialeconomicpoliticalethnicreligionsandprofessionalgroupsthatcharacterizemodernsocietiescompeteforstatusandinfluenceo Competeforcontroloverdefinitionsofrightandwrongdevianceandconformityo Lawespeciallycriminallawtargetforthepowerstruggle
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