Textbook Notes (368,125)
Canada (161,663)
Sociology (1,513)
SOC101Y1 (470)
Chapter 18

New Society: Chapter 18

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Department
Sociology
Course
SOC101Y1
Professor
Robert Brym
Semester
Fall

Description
NSch18 1968yearofstudentrebellionsworldwide Powerabilityofanindividualorgrouptoimposeitswillonothersevenifresisted Nonauthoritieshelptounderminelegitimacyofauthorityandformsocialmovementsorcollectiveattemptstochangesocialordero Riotpetitionstrikedemonstratecreatepoliticalparties Normalpoliticspoliticsasitispracticedwhenauthoritiesarefirmlyinpower PoliticsbeyondtheruleswhenlegitimacyofauthoritygrowsweakPowerfromabovenormalpolitics Useofforcebyauthoritiesissignoftheirweaknessifauthoritiesaretrulystrongtheirrulewillberecognizedaslegitimateandnotneedtouseforcetoimposewill Canadianpoliticstodayisnormalpolitics Statesetofinstitutionsthatformulateandcarryoutacountryslawspoliciesbindingregulations Statespowerisultimatebecauseitsauthoritystandsaboveallothersandmostpeopleregarditsactionsaslegitimate Governmentisalsocalledexecutivebranchofstate ProposedlawsbecomeoperatingstatutesbylegislatureconsistsofthepeopleelectedtoParliament Judiciarycourtsystemtointerpretlawsregulations Administrativeapparatusorbureaucracyundertakesenforcementoflaw Coerciveapparatuspoliceandmilitarytoenforcelawandprotectstateiflawsarebrokenorstatesecurityjeopardized StateissetofinstitutionsthatcontrolsocietyBUTcivilsocietyalsohavecontroloverstatethroughorganizationsandinstitution MassmediasupposedtokeepeyeonstateandhelpinformpublicaboutqualityofgovtPluralisttheory Oneinterpretationofrelationshipbetweenstateandcivilsociety Saysthatweliveinheterogeneoussocietywithmanycompetinginterestscentresofpower Noonegroupcancontrolpolitics Overtimeallvotersandinterestgroupsinfluencepoliticalprocessequally Politicsinvolvesnegotiationandcompriseamongthegroups BecausenoonegroupofpeoplecanalwayscontrolpoliticalagendademocracyisguaranteedElitetheory CWrightMills Greatlydisagreewithpluralists Elitesaresmallgroupsthatoccupycommandpostsofsocietysinstitutions InUSmostpowerfulelitesruncountrysbiggestcorporationsexecutivebranchofgovtandmilitary Menwhocontroltheseinstitutionsmakeimportantdecisionsthataffectsocietydoitwithoutmuchregardforelectionsorpublicopinion Corporatestateandmilitaryelitesareinterconnectedo Tendtobefromuppermiddleandupperclasseso Childrenintermarryo Movefromoneelitetoanother Butsimilaritiesandinterconnectionsdontmakethemarulingclassselfconsciouscohesivegroupwhoadvancecommoninterests
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