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SOC101Y1 (470)

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Christian O.Caron

- Social stratification = persistent patterns of social inequality in society (199) - Open stratification system = merit determines social rank (202) - Social mobility = people's ability to move up and down in status (202) - Caste system = closed stratification system with strict rules about the work each members of different castes can do (202) - Closed stratification system = little or no social mobility occurs because classes are ascribed (202) - Class = position in an economic hierarchy occupied by individuals or families with similar access to or control over material resources (203) - Class structure = relatively permanent economic hierarchy comprising different social classes (203) - Socioeconomic status = person's general status within economic hierarchy based on income, education, and occupation (203) - Bourgeoisie = owners of means of production (204) - Petite bourgeoisie = secondary class within capitalist mode of production, including independent owners/producers such as farmers and small business owners (204) - Proletariat = workers who exchange their labour for a wage (204) - Social relations of production = the relationships between the classes involved in production (204) - Means of production = technology, capital investment, and raw materials used in production (204) - Mode of production = system of economic activity in a society, composing the means of production and the class system (204) - Surplus value = value of goods in excess of the cost of production, which is a profit when the product is sold (204) - Class consciousness = recognition by members in a class of their shared interests in opposition to members of another class (205) - Class conflict = conflict between major classes within a mode of production which eventually leads to the evolution of a new mode of production (205) - Power = the ability to impose one's will on others (206) - Weber said that power could lie in controlling political or economic inequalities or the social conception of prestige (206) - He thought we could understand social stratification by looking at economic inequalities, prestige, and political inequalities - class, status, and party (206) - Weber suspected that the middle class would increase in a bureaucratic capitalist society instead of disappear like Marx thought (206) - Weber saw that there were more sources o
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