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Commit Sociology - Socialization.docx

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University of Toronto St. George
Christian O.Caron

- The self = a sense of individual identity that allows us to understand ourselves and differentiate ourselves from others (107) - Socialization = the social process whereby people undergo development by interacting with the people around them (107) - We wouldn't understand ourselves as autonomous beings if we had no interaction with others (107) - Primary socialization = the process of socialization that occurs in childhood and makes us members of society (108) - Secondary socialization = socialization into a role that occurs after primary socialization, ex. Learning to be a parent (108) - Instincts = inborn patterns of behaviour that are often a result of specific stimuli (108) - Freud noticed that infants begin to form a self-image when their demands are denied, and the baby then learn to go back to sleep when it wakes up, eat more before it goes to bed, etc. (109) - The child then understands that he is a separate being from others with separate needs, and he develops self-control and learns about appropriate behaviour and right and wrong (109) - Cooley came up with the idea of the looking glass self, which says that we form our identities based on our perception of other people's opinions of us (110) - The first images about the self are received from significant others who are closest to the child in the earliest stages of life, especially parents (110) - Other images will later complement or supplant these first images, particularly from a person's primary group, which is the small group around us where we have intimate, face-to-face interaction (110) - George Herbert Mead said the key to socialization is the ability to take the role of the other and be empathetic (110) - This ability is acquired through three stages: the imitative stage, the play stage, and the game stage (110) - Imitative stage = children younger than two have no concept of themselves as separate social beings, and they imitate the behaviour of different roles (110) - Play stage = children adopt roles of significant others and their play shifts from imitative to imaginative (110) - Game stage = children develop a general impression of the behaviour people expect and awareness of their own import
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