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SOC101Y1 (470)

Commit Sociology - Society, Social Structure, and Interaction.docx

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University of Toronto St. George
Christian O.Caron

- Social interaction = the way people act towards or respond to other people (132) - Social structure = the stable pattern of social relations that exist in a particular group or society (132) - Functionalists say that social structure creates order and predictability in society (132) - Conflict theorists say that social structure helps determine social relations in a society and may be the source of inequality and injustice (132) - Social marginality = the state of being part insider and part outsider in the social structure, ex. Immigrants who share the life and traditions of two distinct groups (132) - Stigma = any physical or social attribute or with that so devalues a person's social identity that it disqualified that person from full social acceptance (133) - Status = a socially defined position in a group or society characterized by certain expectations, duties, and rights (133) - Statuses are the same regardless of who is occupying them; ex. The status of university student is the same for me as it is for you (134) - Status set = all of the statuses I occupy at any given time, ex. Student, sister, daughter, etc. (134) - Ascribed status = social position conferred on a person at birth or received involuntarily later in life, ex. Status as a girl, a widow, a Caucasian, etc. (134) - Achieved status = social position a person assumes voluntarily as a result of personal choice, merit, or direct effort, ex.Alawyer, mother, criminal, etc. (134) - Master status = the most important status a person occupies (134) - Status symbol = material sign that informs others of your status, ex.Awedding ring or a mansion (135) - Role = a set of behavioural expectations associated with a specific status (135) - Role expectation = a group or society's definition of the way a specific role ought to be played (135) - Role performance = how a person plays a role (135) - Role ambiguity = when the expectations associated with a role are unclear (136) - Role conflict = incompatible role demands are placed on a person by two or more statuses held at the same time (136) - Role strain = the strain experienced when incompatible demands are built into a single status, ex. Students having to do extracurriculars and study hard (136) - Role exit = when people disengage from social roles that have been central to their self- identity, ex. Getting a divorce or leaving a convent (138) - Role exit stages: frustration or burnout, a search for alte
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