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Commit Sociology - Research Methods.docx

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Christian O.Caron

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- Hume said no matter how many observations you make, you can’t observe your next observation; this is the problem of induction (328) - Explanation = account of the causal logic that shows how and why variables influence each other (330) - Spurious relationship = incorrect inference about causal relationship between variables (330) - Causal relationship = change or variation in one variable causes change or variation in a second variable (331) - Four criteria are necessary to establish a causal relationship: association (correlation), time ordering (the cause must precede the effect), non-supriousness (the association must not disappear once the effects of other variables on the dependent variable are examined), and theoretical rationale (our reasoning as to why the cause might create the effect must make sense) (331) - Understanding = the ability to provide a defini
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