Textbook Notes (368,562)
Canada (161,962)
Sociology (1,513)
SOC101Y1 (470)
Chapter 5

Chapter 5

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Brent Berry

Chapter 5Social Ties and Community in Urban PlacesIntroductionGemeinschaft Social relationships that included neighborliness and informal social control that valued the needs of the group over the individualGemeinschaft and mechanical solidarity represent what many would call ideal community Tonnies believed social relations were becoming more characteristic of GesselschaftGesselschaft was a direct result of the transformation from a folktype society to a modern urban capitalist society according to TonniesUrbanization and the CommunityHuman Ecology The relationship bw people and their environmentPrimary groups Those intimate associations characterized by facetoface association important in forming group norms and idealsSecondary relations Fleeting exchanges bw strangers or routine instrumental interactions such as bw customer and clerkWirth argued that city and rural life were polar oppositesSize of the urban environment made it impossible for all urban residents to know each other and as a result shifted from primary to secondary relationshipsWirth argued that mixing across groups was difficult and as a result urban residents were highly segmentedStudies of Urban CommunitiesEthnography Sociologists embedded themselves win an urban setting and attempted to blend in and share in the experiences of the setting as would any other social participantUrban ethnographers were overturning the prevailing pessimistic view of community that had been established through the work of WirthWhytes Street Corner was an ItalianAmerican slum district in Bostons North endWhyte moved in w a local family and spent more than 2 years embedding win the communityObserved that it had a complex social structure of supportive social relationsHerbert Gans moved into a neighborhood in Bostons West endFull of intense local kinship and friendship relationsFrom the outside houses were dilapidated working on improving the interiorsSuburbanizationSuburbanization Growth of lowdensity single family residential communities on the outskirts of the central cityFirst appeared in the 1940sRise of the automobile and highway made it possible to live farther from the urban core and for housing to be segregated from work and commercial areasSuburbs tended to attract or exclude certain types of people based on income religion race etcThe homogeneity was though to produce conformityPeople who moved to the suburbs were thought to be searching for anonymityChildren played an important role in deciding to move to the suburbs Seeley Sim and Loosley study of Forest Hill
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