Textbook Notes (369,035)
Canada (162,359)
Sociology (1,513)
SOC101Y1 (470)
Chapter

SOC101 NOTES- Religion.docx

2 Pages
125 Views
Unlock Document

Department
Sociology
Course
SOC101Y1
Professor
Christian O.Caron
Semester
Winter

Description
SOC101 NOTES- Religion Religion: means different things (no consensus on definitions). • Substantive definitions (focuses on what it is): belief in something; entails actions; involves emotions; a social phenomenon. • Functional definitions (focuses on what it does): provides meaning and purpose to life; promotes social cohesion and sense of belonging; provides social control. Marx (conflict): religion is a human creation and ‘opium of the people’; encourages people to accept existing social inequalities and unite people under ‘false consciousness’; those who hold power encourage religious belief in the process of exploiting and subjugating them; conflict between religious groups, within groups and with larger society occurs; people join religious groups that downplay the importance of life. Durkheim (collectivity): religion’s origin is social and result a collective conscience; religious beliefs articulate the nature of the sacred and its symbols (sacred/profane), and religious rites provide guidelines as to how people should act in the presence of sacred; religion creates and reinforces social solidarity; while science is incomplete and too slow, religion has a “gap-filling” role. Weber (ideas): unlike Marx and Durkheim, Weber had little interest if religion is true or false but argued that religion represent a person’s definition of reality; religion is oriented toward this world, as religious ideas and behaviour are evident in everyday conduct; need to interpret action by understanding the actor’s motives; god conceptions are strongly related to economic, social, and political conditions in which people live; growth of monotheism is related to goals of political unification; dealt with themes like relationship between religion and social class and nature of religious organizations; different groups in society vary in their inclination to be religious. Humanist perspective: human-centred and is concerned with making life meaningful; meaning that do not have supernatural referent and are used to interpret the world. Collective conscience (Durkheim): awareness that a group is more than the sum of its individual members and the belief that such awareness is experienced as the supernatural. Religiosity: refers to how important religion is to people. • Can be measured in: strength of belief, emotional attachment, knowledge, frequency of
More Less

Related notes for SOC101Y1

Log In


OR

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


OR

By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.


Submit