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Canada (161,877)
Sociology (1,513)
SOC101Y1 (470)
Chapter 1

Chapter 1

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Department
Sociology
Course
SOC101Y1
Professor
Bonnie Fox
Semester
Fall

Description
Soc 214- chapter 1 Formal Definiton: • family: is a legal term involving particular definitions that entail specific rights and obligations for certain people • people who develop emotional relations with children are not recognize • schools and hospitals uses marriage and family relations to determine which people will be informed and consulted about the status of a person in a institution • i'll patient may find that family members with whom they ahve had little contact are admitted to their rooms • someone designates anheir ina will, the “immediate family” has some legal groundsot challenge that will and claima riht to the inheritance • only recently are some sex partners gaining the rights and privileges that heterosexual spouses have – health care and Canada pension • as gay and esbian couples have fought for the right to be treated the same as other couples, they have challenge our definition of family • definition of family is also embedded in immigration law that have shaped immigration to Canada – many have sponsor their parents, other close kin • immigration have brought different ways of thinking about family to Canada • how marriage partners are best chosen, htye have argued that extended kin groups are important network of emoitonal and matieral suppor • cultural assumption , the ceoncept informs legislation, policies and practices that governs our lives- it also shapes decisions we make as individuals about how to live ou lives and it limits or expands our imagination as we think about the future • census family: a husband and wife (with or no children) or a lone parents with one or more children who have never married, living in the same dwelling unit • economic family: a group of two or more people who were related to each other by blood, marriage or adoption who lived in the same dwelling • both defintion: women and man living together were treated as if marriaged- regardless of their legal status defintion above has been revised • all of it is a census family as long as the children don't have their own children or • the grandchildren living the grandparents don't have their parents living in the same census • Economic family: regers to a group of two or more person who live in the same dwelling and are related to each other by blood, marriage, common law or adoption - same or opposite sex – foster children are included • e.g. Nieces or nephews living with aunts and uncle • By definition, all person who are memebrs of a census famly are also a member of a economic family Margrit Eichler: p.7 “ when definitions based on form, rather than actual social relations or activities and functions, are used to estalish eligibility for policies supposed to support families, they can threaten the welfare of some families “ – therefore biology and egal status are easily accepted as determinants of family – these defintion can separate needy people from those who give them care and support (e.g. Visiting rights in hospitals) probelm to specify relationships determined by blood, marriage or residenxe and exclude social relationships – family and kin are social creations and not products of biology (anthropologist) – biological ties do not establish the domestic groups that provide mutual support and nurturance of children – the group that lives together , cooperate to produce its subsistence and cares for children has not alway consist of people tied by blood or marraige – therefore ---- social functions and not biological or residential relations might be the way to identify family DifferentApproaches to Conceptualizing family • Talcott Parson: “the family” - assumes that relations marriage and blood are the only ones that truly involve a strong commitment to people's welfare and especially to the nurturance of children • Structural Functionalist argument – the socieites have to prepetuate themselves biologically and socially in order to continue • “ the family” is best unit to have and care for children and to ensure the well being of adults and therefore “the family” was essential and universal • “the family” involved a heterosexual nuclear unit in which there is a division of labour based on gender and the man assuming the “instrumental” role and the women the “expressive” role – the breadwinner and the homemaker family • used an language- that implied a universal and separate but equal, gender role in families: he obscured the power imbalance inherent in gender divisions in heterosexual nuclear families, as well as the work that is involved in homemaking and childcare • he focused on white, middleAmericans was functional and natural – paved other forms – African American Community • were really closed to common-sense views of family – therefore retain its influence • had to reconceptualized family after feminist theoriest made a public issue • the women's experience of marriage was very different from men- the privaate housework, was isolating, unrewarding and connected with economic dependency; that was a power differential central to marriage • inequality and power differential are typically built into family organization • family is sustained by work, and that hte economy influences what goes on in families are important 1980s • women are entering the labor force and have a choice in whether they want to commit to a long- term relationship or remaining in one • at the same time, the neo-liberal government have deregulated the labour market, so jobs have become less secure and more demanding of our time and energy • therefore there are more STRESS in families • Divorce are popular • more people are likely to live alone • people's life course is more diverse • a shift in focusing on individuals • Elizabeth Beck- Gernsheim in “reinventing the family” argues that family life, which used to be governed by tradition is giving away the “long life planning” • people are refusing in pernament ties and immutable idenities and are increasing involved in choice making and decisions on how to fashion and refashion their lives • “an individual is moving in and out of families” Problem for focusing on individuals • most people still live in families and have lasting family relationship- people believe their emationals needs are best met by finding a partner • espeically for women, life is incomplete if htey don't have children and most assume that they should be married or in a stable relationshipin order to parent effectively • Gender division is revealed by on going patterns of men's violence against their women partners • it encourages analysis that ignores the many ways in which people's circumstances and thus organization of society, shape and constrains their lives • e.g. Acanadian women who wants to have a baby , find it hard to parent on their own because given the need to both provide care and earn a livelihood in a society that gives parents relatively little support with childcare • emphasize our ability to make choices, the effects of implying individual responsibility for any consequences that our choice might produce • e.g. Women who choose to have a baby often find themselves at home full time feeling exhausted, stressed and isolated for reasions that involve the social context of motherhood in this society • no such thing as “the family”- families and experiences varies • family does not exist it is an ideology or symbol system • for some writes, family is a set of ideas and in this society we are all subject to a dominant ideology about families - familism- nuclear family How pervasive and problematic familistic ideology can be • smaller household use more resources and generate more garbage than a larger family • divorce i
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