The German ideology—ruling class and ruling ideas
The ideas of the ruling class are in every epoch the ruling ideas, i.e. the class which is the
ruling material force of society, is at the same time its ruling intellectual force.
relationships which make the one class the ruling one, is the ideas of its dominance
As producers of ideas, and regulate the production and distribution of the ideas of their
age: thus their ideas are the ruling ideas of the epoch.
The doctrine of the separation of powers proves to be the dominant idea and is expressed
as an "eternal law".
division of labour, saw above as one of the chief forces of history up till now, ruling class
as the division of mental and material labour,
one part appears as the thinkers of the class, the other is more passive an receptive as
active members of this class
Within this class this cleavage can even develop into a certain opposition and hostility
between the two parts. in which the class itself is endangered, automatically comes to
The existence of revolutionary ideas in a particular period presupposes the existence of a
during the time that the aristocracy was dominant, the concepts honour, loyalty
during the dominance of the bourgeoisie the concepts freedom, equality,
Ideas which increasingly take on the form of universality. For each new class which puts
itself in the place of one ruling before it, is