Textbook Notes (368,566)
Canada (161,966)
Sociology (1,513)
SOC101Y1 (470)
Chapter 3

Chapter 3: Population Past, Present and future

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Blair Wheaton

Chapter 3: Population Past, Present and Future Current population is 7 billion Annual rate of natural increase is 1.2%. Less developed countries hold 81% of the population. Highest birth and crude death rates are found in Africa. Population history: Coale devides it into 2 segments Pre 1750 - Long, slow population growth Post 1750- Explosive increases Population increases stemmed from the acquisition of clothing, hunting and fishing tools, sedentarization and the development of agriculture, and the Industrial revolution. Classical Transition model: High rates of birth and death. Transitional phase of high birth and declining death rates. Concludes with low rates of both fertility and mortality. French demographic trends differed from the British in that French birth and death rates declined at a similar pace so that the rate of natural increase did not rise substantially. Sweden and Finland differed because they both experienced intense rises in mortality in their pre-transitional phase, d
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