Chapter 3: Population Past, Present and Future
Current population is 7 billion
Annual rate of natural increase is 1.2%.
Less developed countries hold 81% of the population. Highest birth and crude
death rates are found in Africa.
Population history: Coale devides it into 2 segments
Pre 1750 - Long, slow population growth
Post 1750- Explosive increases
Population increases stemmed from the acquisition of clothing, hunting and
fishing tools, sedentarization and the development of agriculture, and the
Classical Transition model: High rates of birth and death. Transitional phase of
high birth and declining death rates. Concludes with low rates of both fertility and
French demographic trends differed from the British in that French birth and
death rates declined at a similar pace so that the rate of natural increase did not
rise substantially. Sweden and Finland differed because they both experienced
intense rises in mortality in their pre-transitional phase, d