Textbook Notes (372,209)
CA (164,114)
UTSG (10,880)
SOC (1,541)
SOC101Y1 (491)
Chapter 8

SOC100 - Chapter 8 - Sexuality and Gender

6 Pages

Course Code
Arnd Jurgensen

This preview shows pages 1 and half of page 2. Sign up to view the full 6 pages of the document.
Chapter 8 – Sexuality and Gender Sex versus Gender Is it a Boy or a Girl? Intersexed – Babies born with ambiguous genitals - Story of a child who had a burnt penis, was transformed into a girl, socialized into a girl, but then started acting like a boy despite of that, dreamed of being a man, was then SURGICALLY operated back into a man and then killed himself after having a wife and children (Watched a movie like this in SOC) Nature versus Nurture Gender Identity and Gender Role - Based on the story before, what makes us a man or a woman? - Well… our sex aka, our biological stature, but the Brenda/David case proves that there is more than just biological sex differences - Gender Identity, how you feel to one gender, biologically, psychologically and sociologically it’s a social construct The Social Learning of Gender - Gender is not solely defined by biology - Babies develop a vague sense of being a boy or a girl between the ages two to three - Many researches still believe that if gender reassignment occurs before 18 months of age, it can be successful… Theories of Gender Essentialism – School of thought that views gender differences as a reflection of biological differences between men and women Gender is a part of our nature, our “essence” of one’s bio/socio makeup - Functionalists see gender is essentialist terms Social Constructionism - School of thought that views gender differences as a reflection of the different social positions occupied by women and men Essentialism - Women can only produce about 20 eggs in their life cycle - Men can produce millions of sperm per day - Therefore for maximum birth, men want to have more sex with more women because they can have the most babies, women are greedy for money because it ensures a healthy life for their child - Evolutionary survival for our species - Masculinity and Femininity are universal traits of men and women Functionalism and Essentialism - Reinforce the essentialist viewpoint, claim that traditional gender roles help integrate to integrate society - Women usually are in the nurturing position, child-caring, etc. - Men are usually breadwinners, making sure they can take care of the family through economic means - For males, common traits include assuredness, competitiveness, and rationality - For females, common traits are nurturance, sensitivity to others - Gender roles for survival - Men get their masculinity, females get their femininity - Learning these essential traits allows for society to function properly A Critique of Essentialism from Conflict and Feminist Perspectives Four main criticisms 1. Wide Variations of Masculinity and Femininity Exist - Removes the idea that behavioural traits are common between men and women universally • In societies with low gender inequality, the stress for women to be the caregiver and men to be the provider is actually less • When women take on jobs involving competition like law or other things, they produce a simulated version of testosterone, and act more aggressive, testosterone is partly role related • 100s of studies in NA are showing that women are developing traits that were considered masculine, women are becoming more assertive 2. Essentialism Generalizes and Ignores Variations in the Gender Group - There are more than just the generalized male aggressiveness, many women are actually more aggressive 3. Little or no Direct Evidence Supports the Essentialist’s Major Claims - There is no proof in genes that cause male jealousy, female nurturance, the unequal division of labour and more… (well it’s more of a
More Less
Unlock Document
Subscribers Only

Only pages 1 and half of page 2 are available for preview. Some parts have been intentionally blurred.

Unlock Document
Subscribers Only
You're Reading a Preview

Unlock to view full version

Unlock Document
Subscribers Only

Log In


Don't have an account?

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.