Textbook Notes (368,432)
Canada (161,877)
Sociology (1,513)
SOC101Y1 (470)

Health and Aging notes

25 Pages
Unlock Document

Robert Brym

Chapter 17 Health and Aging Individual and Population Aging Life expectancy Number of years the average person can expect to live th Has increased steadily in Canada during the 20 centuryCanadians can also expect to live longer after age 65 than generations before themIncreased life expectancy into old age is distinguished from previous historical periodNever before in history did vast majority of people in a particular country expect to live to old age Life Expectance in Canada 19202005 y Today most Canadians can expect to live to old age barring accidents and wars this was not always the case as we can see in Table 171y In 1920 at birth Canadian men lived to their late 50s women to around 60 People can now expect to live more than 20 years longer than if they had been born in 1920y Once they reach age 65 they can expect to live even longery In 2005 a 65yearold could expect to live another 195 years 179 more if a man 211 more if a woman or to age 845y That is 41 years more than could be expected atbirth It is not until their 90s that men and women can expect to have approximately the same number of years left to livePopulation Aging Factors Main reason for increasing proportion of seniors is due to decreases in fertilityWith declines in number and proportion of children in population proportion of older persons necessarily increasesFertility was major predictor of population aging until a population reached life expectancy at birth of 70 years at which point almost all young persons surviveFurther declines in mortality now concentrated at older ages resulting in relatively larger older age groups y Deaths in old age usually result from chronic degenerative diseasesy Circulatory diseases including heart disease and stroke are the major causes of 1Chapter 17 Health and Aging death followed by cancer respiratory diseases and infectious diseasesCanadian Population Age Structure 18512006 y The fact that almost everyone can expect to live to old age distinguishes our era from earlier historical periodsy In the past some individuals lived as long as people live today but never before has the vast majority expected to live to old agey With most of us now living to old age it will not surprise you that older adults represent an increasing proportion of the Canadian populationy We now live much of our lives assuming that an extended future is before us y Now that mandatory retirement has disappeared from virtually all Canadian provinces more people will likely continue to be employed into their 70s and 80s see Figure 171Aging and Ageism How the lives of elderly people are experienced is influenced by social construction of old age ie how society views elderly peopleIn contemporary Western societies we tend to stereotype older persons a tendency referred to as ageismElderly people stereotyped as poor frail having no interest inor capacity forsexual relations being socially isolated and lonely and lacking a full range of abilities in the workplacey Researchers have documented ageism in students attitudes toward older people healthcare treatment literary and dramatic portrayals humor and legal processes they have called it a quiet epidemic that contributes to indifferencey However ageism speaks to our treatment of older people as a social category and not necessarily to interpersonal antagonism we may treat our grandmothers well while also referring to and treating other older adults with indifference or even contempt2
More Less

Related notes for SOC101Y1

Log In


Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.