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Globalization notes

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Robert Brym

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Chapter 19 Globalization Globalization Defined Globalization A social economic and political process that makes it easier for people goods ideas and capital to travel around the world at an unprecedented pace Has given rise to timespace compression Diminished importance of geography and time lagsTraced back at least to 1500s with beginning of transoceanic European explorationCurrent phase not radically different in form but radically different in pace eg Internet usagey Globalization has made distance largely irrelevant and has diminished time lags that used to characterize our social relations y Spacetime compression continued with the inventions of the steamship and the ththlocomotive as well as colonial relationships of the 18 and 19 centuries y Today it carries on with advances in communications technology for example in the Internets virtual communities there is no need for meeting facetofaceWorld Internet Usage and Population Statistics y The Internet Ideas images articles videos music and text forms can be transmitted instantly across vas geographic distances y On a global scale access to the Internet is even more limited than access to the telephoneThe Digital Divide Despite rapid pace of spacetime compression access to means of communication that facilitates globalization is unequalNot all people and ideas have access to channels of globalization like the Internet or even the telephoneInequality of access is known as the digital divide1 Chapter 19 Globalization TimeSpace Compression and the Digital Divide y There are many examples of timespace compression but there are also many instances where time still passes slowly the limits of geography are still relevant and people are excluded from virtual communitiesy Not all people and ideas have access to channels of globalization like the Internet or even the telephoney Inequality of access to means of communication is known as the digital divide see Table 192 The Global and the Ethical While globalization is neither inherently good nor bad it does create conditions that affect human lives and the environment2
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