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SOC101Y1 (470)
Chapter 16

New Society Chapter 16 Notes

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University of Toronto St. George
Sheldon Ungar

Chapter 16 04:05 Toward Env Sociology: - socs interest in env goes back to only 70s several reasons: 1. term environment came to mean something diffEmile Durkheim & others of the field downplayed the role of biologicalphysical factors in influencing human affairs, elevating the importance of social facts, such as norms, groups and institutions - in accounting for wide range of behaviours, from juvenile delinquency to racism, sociologists opted for explanations that framed these in terms of nurture rather than nurture 2. sociologists own view of technat resourceshuman progressassumption that world would see gains fuelled by unlimited availability of nat resourcestech was seen as way humans could overcome challenges human-exceptionalism paradigm: worldview that features ideals of soc progress wo taking env impacts into account featured ideals of steadily evolving soc progress, increasing prosperitymat comfort and class mobility - nor was much consideration given to constrains that may be imposed on further eco expansion bc of declining resources - Dunlap & Catton distinguished between a sociology of env issues: concerned w environmentally related phenomenon such as resource management problems in wildland recreation areas or originsmembershipbeliefs of environmental movement, and env sociology: focused on the physical env as a factor that may influence soc behaviour suggests that the env can function as a contextual, an independentdependent variableas backgroundcauseeffect * today: env sociology has become a catchfall for stuffy of all soc aspects of envhas pros and cons PROS: propelled sociological inquiry into # of imp new areas, IE studying opposition to toxic wastes & recognition of existence of a key value conflict in soc between those who hold an env view of world and those who dont CONS: breadth of field makes it diff to assemble a cohesive body of work built on strong theoretical foundation & some terms have come to acquire several different meanings Environmental Value Conflict: - values are guidepoints that help us sort out choices we make in life - central focus of sociologists interested in env is value cleavage between environmentalists and their opponents disagreement is long-accepted notion that the env is something to be actively usedexploited - how environmentalists differ from mainstream pop= 2 conflicting paradigms: 1. dominant paradigm: anchored by 2 core values: 1) moral imperative of material-wealth creation & conviction that humans have right to dominate natureharness the env 2) progress is interpreted as the increasing encroachment of civilization on wild geo environments 2. alternate environmental paradigm: rejects both pillars of enterprise culture high priority to realization of non-material values & have little confidence in sciencetech to solve problems of materialenergy shortages have a diff view of www.notesolution.com
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