SOC212H1 First Term-Test Notes
The sociology of crime and deviance is not one coherent discipline but rather a collection of
relatively independent versions of sociology. They are unified by a common subject rather than
a common approach.
The sociology of deviance is a collection of different independent theories.
Radical sociology would emphasize on the oppression and alienation caused by the institutions
of a capitalist society. Deviance in this sense is a form of liberation from the forces of
Control theory, will depict institutional restraints as indispensable to a properly conducted
society. Deviance in this sense is a form of protection from the wilder state of man. Conformity
is an achievement.
Functionalist sociology portrays deviance as an unrecognized and unintended structure of social
order. Deviance in this sense enforces morals and values and/or performs a function that no
other institution performs (p