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Chapter 6

Reading for Week 2. Book: Sense of Sociability, Chapter: 6

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SS6: Classes and Workplaces This chapter is about how social order is affected by class conflict. Social class is not defined by income, rather groups of ppl who share a common economic condition, interest or (Marx) relationship to the means of production (to tech and capital). For Marx; 2classes (have and have-nots, the owners and the workers; locked in conflict) Struggle between 2 classes, owners want to (1) lower labour costs and (2)increase prices. Workers struggle with low wages, create unions, unite to improve work conditions, job security, wages. Ppl in same classes, should want acknowledge their common interest and situation, and go from individual well-being to the collective well-being of the class (class awarenessconsciousness). Development for class-awareness is hard, as legislators and employers takes step to prevent unions from forming; or from within, members and heads of unions may disagree on issues. The workplace is becoming a contested terrain. Too simple for today Marxs idea of two class is too simple for todays complex social class relations. 1 , dont need to own a business to manage the production, managers rather than owners have this role. Ei; the economic downturn was caused due to mismanagement from managers rather than owners. There also exist the rise of a new class (neither owners nor workers) such as professors, civil servants, judges, officials, ppl who have knowledgespecial skills. Though dont own production, they do have significant power and authority, as much as those who are owners. Thus not all positions are exploitive, though still have incredible power (politicians). Obtaining wealth wo exploitation, such as famous movie start and sports athlete. Theory of Stratification Other sociologist agree that inequality is due to the theory of stratification (by Davis and Moore). Stating that societies put a value on different career depending on their social importance and indispensability. Careers such as doctors, teachers have more weight and importance than car salesmen or clerks who are in fact easily replaceable, whereas the latter jobs require skill and knowledge. Ppl are willing to see high- status jobs get paid more than the others. Diff societies will put diff values on diff careers based on their cultural and religious beliefs, thus in a sense; social inequality is due to shared values within a society. Stratifications fails to account for the diff in range pay 30 yrs ago compared to now. Or diff in salary ranges for diff capitalist societies (germany vs. US). Or careers serving no social need, yet whose pay is incredibly high. Thus; inequality is not only due to Marxs idea of on which side of production we stand, but also due to www.notesolution.com
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