Textbook Notes (363,381)
Canada (158,358)
Sociology (1,480)
SOC102H1 (285)
Teppermann (82)
Chapter 2

Reading for Week 2. Book: Social Problems, Chapter: 2

6 Pages
Unlock Document

University of Toronto St. George

Chapter 2: Class, Poverty, and Economic Inequality Introduction Economic inequality; large diff in income and wealth across individuals and groups within society and diff in economic power of nations. Marxs Theory (not yet known as Conflict Theory) Connection of inequality and poverty was given by Karl Marx by developing the notion of social class. Classes, groups of people who share a common economic condition (or relationship to the means of production). Two classes; those who own the mean of product and those who work for it. (have and have- nots are forever locked into conflict) Relationship to the means of production. One class tries to maximize profit, by increasing price and lowering cost of labour, both of which make workers struggle, which causes the creation of unions, co- operatives, to improve their wages, work conditions. Hard to create useful unions. Employers will prevent their formation and the government will be biased towards the capitalists. Workers will lose trust w their own unions. Disagreements between union leaders and workers, workers feel alienated, etc. Workplaces are contested terrains where there is a struggle for control. Marx promoted his view on the issues and pushed to overthrow the capitalist regime and create communism. His idea dealing with (1) the working class and (2) the production controllers is too simple for todays complex intermixing of business and international trade relations. Works better for an industrialized society. Functional Theory of Stratification (Davis and Moore) For today; some agree w Davis and Moores functional theory of stratification placing different values on certain jobs and roles in society (reward doctors more than clerks, since they are indispensible to us). The value placed on diff roles varies according to society due to their position in industrialization, technology, etc. In all these values depend on shared values of the population to place more value on diff roles. Theory fails to consider several facts, range in salaries is wider than in other countries than in US or Canada, why do movie stars, sports stars, executives get huge salaries? Not all inequality is due to Marxs idea. Not all social differentiation leads to inequality, in turn leading to class formation. It require from workers: (1)selfidentification as members of an exploited class, (2) owners of product. are their enemies, (3)everything at stake in battle for equality, (4)societal change is possible through conflict. Social mobility (movmt of individuals from social classes) is possible under the correct circumstances, yet it has its limits (bottom 1% -> top 1%). There is certain mobility in the middle 80%, even more with possibility of higher education. www.notesolution.com
More Less

Related notes for SOC102H1

Log In


Don't have an account?

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.