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Chapter 3

Reading for Week 3. Book: Sense of Sociability, Chapter: 3

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SS3: Women and Men All ancient cultures have differentiated work and status along the lines of gender. Due to biological and reproductory causes women have performed to role of caregiversprocreators where as men, stronger and taller, the role of protector and breadwinner. There exists variation to the degree with which a society exhibits the gap in sexual differentiation according to diff societies (ei; low-fertile societies; very little diff, diff societies diff cultural and religious believes). th Sociology never paid attention to gender inequality up until mid 20 Cent. Women emerged as sociologists focused on social issues, like poverty. Ann Oakley (1970s)s book on the housework as a real job, raised the concept of domestic inequality. The emergence of gender issues and inequality as a topic coincided with the broader access women had to education. The fact that notable sociologies never raised the issues speaks about the control they had over what was on the table; thus the subject of sociology itself is a measure of the inequality. OPPORTUNITIES FOR COOPERATION (interaction) ACROSS THE LINE Couples as Cooperative Ventures: Spouses What we learn about the opposite sex will often come from first hand experiences, through dating, mating and marriage. Still this process starts very early, as we are expected to learn from our same-sex relatives about the expectations and secrets of gender knowledge, we also learn through cross-sex cooperation with cousins, sister, brothers, parents, etc. Our ideas about genders are also from seeing our own parents act, and we perceive what the roles of the genders arewill be like. However where we learn more about the opposite sex and who to behave around the opposite sex comes from the usual same-sex peer groups. Especially sexual conduct and sexuality. The beliefs they have about men and women and the social roles women should occupy, this is the Double standard. The most important feature of this D.S is the role of women when it comes to sexuality, men seen as sexual beasts while women as nearly asexual. Romanticism and love are at odds w this standard because it promotes equality between women. The economic independence and better birth control gives (sexual liberation) promotes equality as well, however, this double standard is present throughout society. This disappearing double standard suggest the growth of broader gender equality. Adult Experiences of Gendering In adulthood, most ppl perform and witness gender-play in workplaces. They learn workplace etiquette, especially when dealing with the opposite sex. In the workplace, gender is just as very visible in positions, salary, status, etc. Cross sex relations in the workplace allows us to cooperate, compete, relate to the opposite sex. The media also has a great influence over what we learn and we see how diff relationships are played on TV, etc. Forces pushing people apart Evidence of conflict www.notesolution.com
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