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Chapter 4

Reading for Week 3. Book: Social Problems, Chapter: 4

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Chapter 4: Gender Relations Introduction Men are protectorbredwinner and woman are procreatorscaregivers. The degree to which diff societies enact these roles varies greatly (low-fertile societies; distinction fades, women also breadwinners) based on their rationalization (bible says..., everyone is equal...., evolutionary biology dictates...). Until recently were women not allowed to attend university (unlike men. Only few women were well-educated), later women emerged as thinkers of social matters (poverty) and slowly were due to feminists pushing were granted rights (to vote, etc). Waves of feminism had influence over the status women received, include: Oakleys book on the sociology of housework, looking to acknowledge its economic value. Some sociologist embraced the upheaval of feminism while others ignored it. The battle over gender today Defining Sexism and Gender Inequality Sexism : discrimination and insulting attitudes and beliefs that stereotype ppl because of their gender. Affect women, because men occupy the dominant role. Gender inequality: diff between menwomen in gaining access to valued societal rewards. (from struct arrangements, discrimination, cultural beliefs) Sex and gender Sex : biological concept that distinguishes females from conception, with biological differences between the sexes that are anatomic, genetic and hormonal. Assume: female are not discrete categories, but rather opposite poles on a continuous line of sexual variation (weird). Androgenital syndrome (womb exposed to androgen: male hormone): development of male genitalia features in females. Gender: culturally learned notions of masculifemininity. Females are treated as females for their masculinefeminine roles. The distinction between female varies across cultures and time. Social construction of gender roles. Sociologists use gender when referring to these sex-based social constructions (suggesting biology is irrelevant to understanding social distinctions ppl make between malesfemales (WTF!)) Masculinity and Femininity Gender roles: patterns of behaviour that a society expects of females (everyone learns them during socialization) www.notesolution.com
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