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SOC102H1 Chapter Notes -Sociological Perspectives, Gerhard Lenski, Working Poor

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Week 2
Reading Sociology
Section 7 (Work)
Chapter 26 “Suck it Up Buttercup”: A Culture of Acceptable Workplace Violence in
Group Homes
Workplace violence physical violence as well as psychological injuries,
harassment, verbal abuse, etc.
o Occurs on a daily basis for healthcare workers patients are violent
towards providers.
o Often goes unpunished
Focus of article specifically on people working in publically funded
community care organizations for developmentally disabled people.
o Correlates between intensity of violence and the sex, age, job category,
and shifts worked by the victim.
o Result: the more shifts you work, the more likely you are to
experience a severe violent attack.
o Workers encounter violence every day. Becomes a natural part of the
work day.
o Managers say that from the beginning, violence was an expected part
of the job. Among them, idea that you’re supposed to suck it up and
take it like a man.
Those that did suck it up end up being promoted.
o Workplace violence a current health and safety problem in
businesses where employees are the victims of verbal and/or physical
harassment from customers and/or clients.
Chapter 27 “Let’s Be Friends”: Working within an Accountability Circuit
Focuses on eligibility for Medicaid chronic care benefit.
Application process takes a ton of paperwork and effort.
New director tried to change the process to make it more user-friendly.
RESULT: things went more smoothly, and for the most part the new system
Chapter 28 Profession: A Useful Concept for Sociological Analysis?
Sociological definition of profession occupation with status and privilege.
o Argument is that this definition is increasingly useless.
o Thesis: profession should be defined by the self-governance and
authority they were granted (esp re: training required to enter the
practice) rather than status.
o She reviewed legislation pertaining to several professions and

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Professions organized organizational groups with a (somewhat) accepted
claim to legal and/or social status.
Differences between professions and occupations re: legislation
o Professions:
Had an established regulatory body, at least partially
composed of practitioners, to govern the profession
Limited the right to practise or to utilize a restricted title to
those with a demonstrated level of competence.
o Occupations: established a system of licensing without creating a
separate regulatory body and/or competency requirements.
Historically in Canada, professions were special status groups demarcated by
their training and education in a specific field, and their moral rectitude.
o Status refers to the standing or position that a person occupies in
the social structure, such as teacher or doctor. It is often combined
with the notion of the social role to produce the idea of a status role.
o Status groups Competitive groups of people who enjoy the same
status and seek to preserve their monopolistic privileges by excluding
their rivals from enjoyment of certain resources.
o Empirical research research that occupies a close relationship to
sensory experience, observation, or experiment.
Chapter 29 Work Hard, Play Hard?: A Comparison of Male and Female Lawyers’
Time in Paid and Unpaid Work and Participation in Leisure Activities
Hypothesis 1: Greater time spent in paid and unpaid work will be negatively
related to participation in leisure activities.
o Men are more likely to protect their leisure time from family;
women’s leisure time is more often interrupted, intertwined, and
fragmented by their family.
Hypothesis 2: Women will spend more time in household and child care
activities than men, whereas men will spend more time in paid work and
participate in more leisure than women.
Hypothesis 3: Greater time spent in paid and unpaid work will result in a
stronger negative relationship with leisure for women compared with men.
Findings: having young kids or spending more time on housework negatively
impacts women’s time for leisure activities, but has no relationship to men’s.
o Role strain Every role brings with it a number of different partners,
each with their own set of expectations. When these expectations are
in disagreement, sociologists talk of role strain.
o Unpaid work labour especially care work and domestic work
done by women that earns no cash payment or wage.
o Leisure time spent not working for pay. The time used for idle,
unpaid, and economically unproductive activities.

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Section 10 (Inequality and Stratification)
Chapter 37 Pay Equity: Yesterday’s Issue?
Pay equity equal pay for work of equal value.
Talks about the gender wage gap and how it negatively impacts women. Also
talks about historical attempts to redress it, and possible ways to keep
addressing it.
o Pay equity the term used in North America to refer to equal pay
between men and women.
o Gender wage gap a difference between a man and woman’s fixed
regular payment earned for work or services, typically paid on a daily
or weekly basis.
Chapter 38 Red Zones, Empty Alleys, and Giant TVs: Low-Income Youths’ Spatial
Accounts of Olympic Host Cities
Paper explores the manner in which low-income youth experience the effects
of spectacle in Vancouver during the 2012 Winter Olympics and right before.
The unequal spatial distributions that become intensified during spectacular
neo-liberal mega-events like the Olympics.
Argues that the Olympics both marginalized street youth and co. by pushing
them into areas where they wouldn’t be seen by affluent tourists, and
allowed them to linger in places they otherwise wouldn’t have been allowed
to be due to public scrutiny on the police and how they treat the street youth.
o Focus groups A qualitative method of data collection that involves
interactive discussion among a small number of people.
o Mega-events high profile, one-time events of a limited duration
hosted by a city that receives global media attention. Mega-events
typically circulate among host cities rather than recurring in the same
city multiple times. The Calgary Stampede, for example, is not a mega-
event. The frequency of a mega-event is often determined by a fixed
schedule, such as the four-year cycle of the Winter and Summer
Olympic games.
o Red zone an area that the police have designated as out of bounds
to particular youth who have been banished by police for partaking in
illegitimate (though not always criminal) behaviour.
o Zone of prestige a culturally impressive institution or space that a
city uses to boost its reputation both nationally and globally.
Chapter 39 Parents and Traffic Safety: Unequal Risks and Responsibilities to and
from School
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