Professions organized organizational groups with a (somewhat) accepted
claim to legal and/or social status.
Differences between professions and occupations re: legislation
Had an established regulatory body, at least partially
composed of practitioners, to govern the profession
Limited the right to practise or to utilize a restricted title to
those with a demonstrated level of competence.
o Occupations: established a system of licensing without creating a
separate regulatory body and/or competency requirements.
Historically in Canada, professions were special status groups demarcated by
their training and education in a specific field, and their moral rectitude.
o Status refers to the standing or position that a person occupies in
the social structure, such as teacher or doctor. It is often combined
with the notion of the social role to produce the idea of a status role.
o Status groups Competitive groups of people who enjoy the same
status and seek to preserve their monopolistic privileges by excluding
their rivals from enjoyment of certain resources.
o Empirical research research that occupies a close relationship to
sensory experience, observation, or experiment.
Chapter 29 – Work Hard, Play Hard?: A Comparison of Male and Female Lawyers’
Time in Paid and Unpaid Work and Participation in Leisure Activities
Hypothesis 1: Greater time spent in paid and unpaid work will be negatively
related to participation in leisure activities.
o Men are more likely to protect their leisure time from family;
women’s leisure time is more often interrupted, intertwined, and
fragmented by their family.
Hypothesis 2: Women will spend more time in household and child care
activities than men, whereas men will spend more time in paid work and
participate in more leisure than women.
Hypothesis 3: Greater time spent in paid and unpaid work will result in a
stronger negative relationship with leisure for women compared with men.
Findings: having young kids or spending more time on housework negatively
impacts women’s time for leisure activities, but has no relationship to men’s.
o Role strain Every role brings with it a number of different partners,
each with their own set of expectations. When these expectations are
in disagreement, sociologists talk of role strain.
o Unpaid work labour – especially care work and domestic work
done by women – that earns no cash payment or wage.
o Leisure time spent not working for pay. The time used for idle,
unpaid, and economically unproductive activities.