Textbook Notes (363,237)
Canada (158,278)
Sociology (1,480)
SOC102H1 (285)
Teppermann (82)
Chapter 3

Chapter 3 of Social Problems

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University of Toronto St. George

Chapter 3 Race and Ethnic Relations Introduction Most people view racial prejudice as unfair; and Canadians tend to look for remedies to injustice Prejudice creates conflicts in our society minorities vs majority; people prejudiced vs those who are not Prejudice and its outcomes (discrimination, conflict, exclusion, hatred, distrust) are politically and economically wasteful because they neglect certain human resources and thus hinder our societys potential for prosperity Race People who have the most difficulty accepting other races believe that race is biological Believe that race is an essential and permanent feature of any human being; that certain cultural or personality dispositions are genetically based as well Believe in at least 3 categories: 1. Negroid blacks 2. Caucasoid white 3. Mongoloid yellow Scientists reject this view because there is more variability within a race than between races The physical features associated with race are not genetically associated skin colour, hair texture, eye colour Race may be a social construction but as long as large numbers of people continue to think race does make a difference, the idea of race will continue to influence the social order and social inequality significant in a sociological perspective Ethnicity Cultural differences certainly exist between groups of people and when they are sharpened by clear differences in skin colour, height, and other physical features, cultural differences seem more prominent and somehow significant Physical features are supposed results of collective evolutionary adaptation to specific environmental conditions Race and ethnicity are not necessarily connected: people who differ in appearance may share the same cultural values The cultural features people share, as members of an ethnic group, are usually a result of collective experiences that are interpreted in a certain way given a particular historical and regional background We form ethnic groups relationally, through processes of exclusion and inclusion around symbols of real or imagined common descent common language, rituals and folklore Ethnic boundaries may made and unmade over time Culture: the way of life of a society that includes dress, language, norms of behaviours, foods, tools beliefs and folklore; this framework of values and practices adapts to the changing socio-historical context Multiculturalism in Canada Immigrants are a large fraction of the population of Canadas cities The multicultural policy was first set up in 1971; the factors that influences its introduction include: o Stormy relations between English and French speakers in the 1960s o The Royal Commission on Bilingualism and Biculturalism did original research and held hearings in 1963 o In 1969, the Official Languages Act was voted into law Spokespersons for ethnic minorities argued that the old policy of cultural assimilation was unjust o they had made great sacrifices just as other Canadians had done www.notesolution.com
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