oWhile capitalists maximize their profits, the proletariat struggle and through unions, co-
operatives, legislation and other means improve their wages, working conditions, job security,
and the prices they have to pay for food, shelter, etc
-People in the same relation to the means of production have an interest in banding together
oFor this to happen people in a class must develop an awareness of their common interests,
commit themselves to working toward a common goal and come to see individual well-being
as connected to collective well-being
This is the development of class consciousness and class awareness
-Capitalist systems have the tendency to produce monopolies of wealth and increasing inequality,
globalization and imperialism, overproduction and recurrent financial crisis those at the bottom
will do almost anything to survive
-Owners may take steps to prevent the betterment of the proletariat by different means
oPrevention of unions and discussions of problems
oLegislation sympathetic to the owners
-Workers themselves may be reluctant to unite around a common cause due to R&E differences
-Workers may suffer from ‘false consciousness’ whereby they come to accept the discourse the values
of the dominant class, and thus a willingness to believe arguments that promote individualistic
solutions to problems, or to blame the poor and the unemployed for their problems
-Workers may be ‘alienated’ from politics and each other, thus they cannot put their trust into
unionization and class conflict
-Workplaces are ‘contested terrains’ where the classes meet and struggle for control
-Over through of capitalism by communist (egalitarian) society
oCritical to this class consciousness and awareness
oOppressed classes can only bring about change after becoming aware of their relation to the
ruling class and their historic roles
oHow should the proletariat organize?
oWhat kinds of revolutionary strategies are likely to succeed?
oWhat stand in the way of success?
-Today Marx’s view is to simplistic
o(1) It is no longer necessary to own a business to own the means of production
o(2) Working class is international unification is even more difficult
-Are inequalities based on different values we, as a society, place in different jobs and social roles?