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Canada (161,661)
Sociology (1,513)
SOC102H1 (285)
Teppermann (82)

Race & Ethnicity

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Social problems: Chapter 3: Race and Ethnic Relations Learning objectives 1. Learn that social distance is maintained between different racial and ethnic groups 2. How racial and ethnic conflict occurs in Canada 3. To recognize the varying intensities of prejudice 4. To understand the process of chain migration 5. To know what is meant by vertical mosaic 6. To understand different theoretical perspectives on racial and ethnic inequality 7. To understand social and health effects of ethnic and racial inequality 8. To identify possible solutions to race and ethnic inequality Introduction - People view racial prejudice as unfair, tend to look for remedies - Since it is unfair, it creates conflict between majorities and minorities and those who are prejudiced and those who are not - Prejudice and its outcome of discrimination, conflict, exclusion, hatred and distrust are politically and economically wasteful waste human recourse and hinder societys potential for prosperity - No matter how we define the causes and allocate the blame, it is a problem in the Canadian society Race - Is race a social construction? - Some people believe that race is a biological fact o Essential and permanent feature of any human being o They see race as having unique physiological characteristics based in genetic differences that are specific to certain races o They also believe that certain cultural and personality dispositions are genetically based as well o People who take this approach generally believe that there are three categories in the human species: black, white and yellow - Scientists reject this view of race because races are more alike than they are different o Only a fraction of the genetic make up varies by characteristic typically associated with race o 85% of genetic variability can be found within a single local population www.notesolution.com o Physical features (skin, eye and hair color and texture), commonly associated with race are not genetically associated - Yet, may continue to believe that race is a valid form of biological distinction o Although many reject the ideas of racism, they believe the idea of race is a significant one o From the sociological perspective race is significant, race may be only a social construction, but as long as a large number of people continue to believe that race makes a difference, the idea of race will continue to influence the social order and social inequality Ethnicity - Some believe that if race and ethnicity are not the same, they are closely related - But cultural differences can exist between people who look the same, but they seem more significant and prominent when they are sharpened by clear differences in physical appearance - Physical features shared by one race are a supposed result of different survival adaptations during the course of the evolution - Race and ethnicity are not necessarily connected - People my look the same and be from different cultural backgrounds or they may look different and be from the same cultural background - Cultural features are the result of shared experiences by a group of people, that are inherited in a certain way given the historical and regional background - There are differences between ethnic groups which lie in historical reasons - Cultural groups are created by social interactions - Ethnic groups form through relations, by the methods of inclusion and exclusion of symbols of real or imagined common descent, such as a common language, common rituals, and common folklore - There are social in nature, they can be learned - Ethnic boundaries can be made and unmade over time - Culture is the way of life of a society that includes dress, language, norms of behaviour, food, tools, beliefs, and folklore; this framework of values and practices adapts to the changing socio-historic context o Culture is not constant or permanent o Culture frames peoples lives o We cannot deduce peoples ethnic affiliation from their appearance, language or religion or other markers used to place group members Multiculturalism in Canada - Immigration has been important throughout Canadian history, making it an important political issue www.notesolution.com
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