Textbook Notes (368,123)
Canada (161,661)
Sociology (1,513)
SOC102H1 (285)

Ageism txtbk notes.docx

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Ageism txtbk notes  Many cultures revere their elderly members as vessels of wisdom and authority  Members of our culture tend to fear aging  Only 1.4 %of men and 1.7% women aged 65-74 live in a special-care institution, while the vast live alone or with fam  Most elderly ppl are senile or r headed in that direction (so ppl say)  Alzheimer disease is the most common form of neurological dementia, affects 3% of ppl 65-74yrs old  We learn negative attitudes towards old ppl thru media jokes and cartoons  The ife course approach rests on 5 assumptions: 1.human development and aging are lifelong processes lives change throughout time, certain events take place, jobs marriage etc 2. Development antecedents and consequences of life transitions, events and behaviour patterns vary according to their timing in a person’s life  the age at which ppl make transitions that effect how they view themselves transplants cuz when ur 18 u can do it cuz ur an adult and no need for permission; u c urself has needing bigger boobs 3.lives r lived interdependently and socio-historical influences are expressed thru this network of shared relationships other ppls actions affect our lives; like if ur daughter was pregnant at 16; it affects ur status too money wise 4. The life course of individuals is embedded in and shaped by the historical times and place they experiences their lifetime historical events affects our future and opportunities and the inequalities in society ex: racism; black ppl not allowed to get jobs as much as white ppl today 5. Individuals construct their own life courses thru the choices and actions they take within the opportunities of history and social circumstances ppl r free to do w.e they want and their actions will affect their future life  Life courseis a patterned sequence of individual experiences over time, subject to varied social, historical and cultural influences  Senescencethe biological aging of an organism as it lives beyond its maturity, usually accompanied by chemical and organic changes  Age pyramida graphic depiction of the age composition of a pop, broken dwn by age and sex; pyramid shaped if the birth rate is high but otherwise more rectangular  In 1901 only 5% of the pop was aged 65+ canada is expected to have 14% by 2011  Age satisfaction theory focuses on the way social structures affect individual gaining and the stratification or vertical segregation of ppl by age. it concerned with the segregation and mistreatment of certain social classes  Becuz of age stratification problems occur: 1. Ageism is repellent to a society like ours that is pledged to judging ppl by what they do rather than who they are 2. Is poses practical problems for victims of discrimination 3. Has both material and psychological effects materially, it limits ppls opportunities to get the jobs and incomes they may need to survive psychologically is makes ppl feel rejected excluded and degraded  Increased proportion of elderly ppl in the pop means at least 2 important things for society an increasing proportion of ppl who need costly care and support an increasing proportion of ppl who r considered useless and held in low regard  Disengagement theorya theory that as ppl age they voluntarily remove themselves from activities and social contact to ease their passage into a less active lifestyle they think old ppl shud stop working nd prepare for their death  According to this theory, age based retirement from work serves several functions for society it empties jobs positions allowing younger ppl to move up the social hierarchy it gives the retiree a moment of celebratory recognition ;retirement party it ensures that society replaces outdated skills and ideas with more useful ones. ^^functionalists say this is crucial in society  Career mobility- financial and occupational advancement over the life cycle- has been age related  ^^ however this changed in recent yrs for 3 reasons: lengthening of the avg lifespan decline in economic growth elimination of compulsory/mandatory retirement  Most career mobility is based on seniority or on the length of tenure  Internal labour markets impose a high degree of control over who enters an organization at what level thru what stages ppl will move and at what rate also based on seniority  Career mobility has been altered thru industrial growth and differentiation and thru the rise of achievement as a basis for ranking  Modern professions; doctors are especially notable for these features, including their ability to control career entries reward systems and conditions of work  Some techs may b harder for seniors to learn due to arthritis and declines in fine motor skills than for their younger counterparts  Seniority in the firm is much more important than age for departure decisions. thus a 55 yr old, low seniority worker is more likely to lv than a 55 yr old high seniority worker or even than a 65 yr old high seniority worker  Compulsory retirementthe legal right of an employer to forcibly retire and employee  Self-employed professionals like doc have more of a choice about when to retire  Inheritance downward flow of property after death  Primogeniturea system of inheritance in which only one child the older son inherits all of the fam property on the death of his parents  Historically primogeniture has been a conservative strategy for ensuring the survival of the family by keeping the fams property intact  Filial responsibilitythe sense of personal obligation or duty that adult children often feel for protecting, caring for and supporting their aging parents; filial piety  Notions of filial responsibility or filial piety are es
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