Chapter 11: Families and Socialization
1. What are the types of families?
a. Nuclear Family: 1 or more spouse, siblings
b. Extended Family: Nuclear + Family
c. Modified Extended Family: Nuclear family enjoying benefits of
extended family due to proximity
d. Census Family: Two spouses with or without never-married
2. What are the trends of families?
a. Smaller family size
i. Fits industrial demands
b. Change in role relations
i. (e.g) Parents’ authority over children decrease
c. Increased acceptance of divorce, contraception, cohabitation,
abortion, and premarital sexual relations
d. Nuclear family model
3. What are the 5 basic Family Processes?
a. Dependency and Intimacy
b. Unequal power
c. Power + Intimacy = Violence
d. Regulated sexuality
e. Routine protection
4. What are the views of Functionalism on Families?
a. Family division of labor
b. Monogamy – Increase survival capacity of the community
c. Provision of necessities to its members
d. Socialization of children
e. Cohabitation < Traditional marriage
5. What are the views of Critical Theories on Families?
a. Historical – Political and Economic
b. Industrialization – Increased family life – Higher income – Better
c. Gender inequality
i. (E.g) Dad handles money, Mom handles household
d. Feminist theory
i. Subordination – Women depend on men for income
ii. Women suffer economic reliance, political and social
6. What are the views of Symbolic Interactionism on Families?
a. Interaction between family members
i. Conflict resolution
b. Social constructionists
i. Family values
ii. Channel hostility away
7. What is the basic theory of socialization?
a. Social norms and behavioral expectations
8. What are the types of socialization?
a. Primary socialization: Early years, fundamental b. Secondary socialization: After childhood, specific and voluntary
c. Anticipatory socialization: Learning and preparing for future roles,
accumulated learning – Reprogramming
9. What are cohesive families?
a. Strong identification with family
10.What are adaptable families?
a. Able to plan and make changes
11.What are the traits of cohesive and adaptable families?
a. Open communication
b. Fair conflict resolution
c. Fair goals
d. Family culture and rituals
12.What falls under the Authoritarian Personality?
a. Discover roots of prejudice and anti-Semitism
b. Fascist tendencies
ii. Authoritarian submission
iii. Authoritarian aggression