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SOC102H1 (285)
Chapter

Exploitation reading 2

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Department
Sociology
Course
SOC102H1
Professor
Lorne Tepperman
Semester
Fall

Description
Sept 18 reading (1) Points 9: Classes and workplaces Class who share the same relationship to the means of production, or to the capital (Marx) - who share a common economic situation, based on income, property and authority Founders of sociology Marx, Weber, Durkhein Functionalism (views society as a social system of interconnected parts that help each other to function) -poverty and inequality serve important purposes in society since it motivates people to work harder to move up the ladder -everyone needs work since it helps acquire necessities of life (food, water, shelter) Critical theory (stresses the examination and critique of society and culture) -Karl Marx and Max Weber -unemployment=structural condition manipulated by ruling capitalist class to boost profits -capitalism= cyclic (repetitive) employment -reserve army of labour: people who, because they are impoverished, form a mobilized, easily disposable workforce at the mercy of employers Feminist theories -women and men have very different experiences (despite class) -Canadian women are still disproportionately engaged in work that provides little pay -job dissatisfaction, lack of food, rising prevalence of depression Symbolic Interactionism (the way meanings are attached to social inequality) -poor person: lazy, undeserving, relies on welfare, black, latino -rich person: greedy, snobbish, wasteful, white -occupational titles= status symbols Social Constructionism Richard Edwards (1979) -management practices evolved from simple control to technological control to bureaucratic control -charting changes in ideologies about work and worker control  Harry Braverman (wrote Labour and Monopoly Capital) -work is becoming more mindless, bureaucratic, and alienating -jobs are divided into 1) a small number of highly skilled, trained individuals whose time is valuable and 2) a mass of simple labourers whose time means nothing Sept 18 reading (2) KARL MARX’S Labour and classes - social class is the way people earn a living (owners or workers) -bourgeoisie- (controlling) own production -proletariat- (subordinate)work for wages -Class-struggle under capitalism-due to low wages, poor working conditions -Class-consciousness-a group’s awareness of their common class interest and their commitment to work together to attain collective goals -False-consciousness-a willingness to believe in ideologies that support the ruling class but that are false and disadvantageous to working class -Exploitation by the Bourgeoisie 1) Economic wellbeing requires economic deprivation and exploitation of workers 2) keep up pressure on workers by excluding from access to productive resources (limiting access to jobs, houses) 3) Capitalists take advantage of workers Petit bourgeoisie (Max Weber)- lower middle class, who own the means production on a small scale (dentist) MAX WEBER’S Labour and classes -parties and status groups -asserted people could gain power by entering influential partie
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