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SOC102H1 (285)
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Chapter 2

social problems chapter 2 notes

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University of Toronto St. George

Page 1 of 6 January 18 SP2 Class, Poverty and Economic Inequality Introduction - economic inequality large differences in income and wealth across individuals and groups within a society; differences in the economic power of nations - classes are groups of people who share a common economic condition, interests or relationship to the means of production - in this system, employers may take steps to prevent the formation of unions or discussions of worker concerns o legislators pass laws that give the employer more power o policemilitary used to break strikes o workers may be reluctant to share a common cause with people of different racial or ethnic groups - workplaces, where the classes meet, are contested terrains (Richard Edwards) o workers and bosses struggle for control - Marx realized that oppressed classes can bring about change only after they become aware of their position in relation to the ruling class - some have argued that inequalities in a modern, democratic society are chiefly based on the agreement about the value of different jobs o functional theory of stratification, credited to Davis and Moore maintains that most people in most industrial societies agree about the relative social value of particular roles this theory fails to explain several facts: cannot explain why the difference between top-paid and bottom-paid workers is wide or narrow does not explain why the range of salaries is much wider in one capitalist country than it is in others does not address why some people get high salaries regardless of whether they confer a social benefit - social mobility the movement of individuals from one social class to another during the course of ones lifetime o has its limits in a capitalist society middle 80% of all income earners, plenty of mobility education makes this possible Measuring Poverty - viewed in 2 ways o absolute poverty lack of the basic necessities (food, shelter, medicine) for basic survival www.notesolution.com
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