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Chapter 6

CHAPTER 6 Starting points Sexuality.docx

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CHAPTER 6 – Sexuality LECTURE Some people believe homosexuality is: - A choice and it defines people‟s character (reason for hostile attitudes towards homosexuals) - Result of negative experiences with the opposite sex while growing up Herek: - Heterosexism - Sexual stigma: Negative labeling of people who practice non-heterosexual behavior - Sexual Prejudice: Negative expectations and discrimination based on sexual orientation Victimization - Victimology: study of victims of crime. - Characteristics which increases risk of victimization: o Self-identifying as homosexual o Physical handicap o Identifying as an aboriginal person - Routine Activities Theory: victimization will be highest where offenders and targets converge, and capable guardians are absent. - Population density – a characteristic feature of cities o Can become a social problem. o Can also be beneficial since it increases institutional completeness and social resources. - Social Disorganization Theory: o W.I. Thomas: social disorganization as “the inability of a neighborhood to solve its problems together” - Location Creates risk of crime o Shaw and Mckay: Location, not personality, produces delinquency and victimization. - Skid Row: an area found in every city, characterized by isolated transient people with no money, job, property or networks. o A place where you can “safely” act in deviant ways o Area of crime and poverty and behaviors out of social norm. - Louis Wirth: “How the city organization influence the urban way of life” o Anonymous, superficial and transitory social contacts o High population density leads to keeping strangers at bay o Diverse, ever-changing population makes people feel unstable and insecure. - Ethnic and homosexual communities o Communities help promote and protect members  By publicizing community issues, promoting local activities and using local institutions to maintain group traditions. - CITIES: o Safe place for victimized groups to build communities. o Promotes an acceptance of social diversity. o Well-enough organized to permit diversity and poorly-enough organized to fail to ensure conformity (everyone behaves in the “norm” way) o Institutional Completeness  A strategy of resistance  Allows communities to mingle and interact freely. CHAPTER 6 – STARTING POINTS: SEXUALITY - Functionalists: o Some sexual deviations play a valuable role in our society. o Sexual deviants:  Fix boundaries of acceptable morality within our society.  Provides people with varied sexual outlets to fulfill desires.  Might help keep families together by preventing marital affairs - Critical Theory: o Who benefits from the existing social order and who suffers?  Dominant groups determine what is normal and what is legal or illegal.  Prostitution reflects gender inequality, exploitation. - Symbolic Interactionism o Sexual Scripts: Guidelines that describe socially acceptable ways of behaving when engaging in sexual activities o People come to know and accept varieties in sexual behaviors of others, admit the acceptability and normality of behaviors formerly considered abnormal. - Feminism o Male-dominated and exploitive of women and their bodies. o Society condemns a sexually active teenage girl more strongly than a teenage boy. o Boritch: „fallen woman‟ are ones who violated her gende
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