CHAPTER 6 – Sexuality LECTURE
Some people believe homosexuality is:
- A choice and it defines people‟s character (reason for hostile attitudes towards homosexuals)
- Result of negative experiences with the opposite sex while growing up
- Sexual stigma: Negative labeling of people who practice non-heterosexual behavior
- Sexual Prejudice: Negative expectations and discrimination based on sexual orientation
- Victimology: study of victims of crime.
- Characteristics which increases risk of victimization:
o Self-identifying as homosexual
o Physical handicap
o Identifying as an aboriginal person
- Routine Activities Theory: victimization will be highest where offenders and targets converge,
and capable guardians are absent.
- Population density – a characteristic feature of cities
o Can become a social problem.
o Can also be beneficial since it increases institutional completeness and social resources.
- Social Disorganization Theory:
o W.I. Thomas: social disorganization as “the inability of a neighborhood to solve its
- Location Creates risk of crime
o Shaw and Mckay: Location, not personality, produces delinquency and victimization.
- Skid Row: an area found in every city, characterized by isolated transient people with no money,
job, property or networks.
o A place where you can “safely” act in deviant ways
o Area of crime and poverty and behaviors out of social norm.
- Louis Wirth: “How the city organization influence the urban way of life”
o Anonymous, superficial and transitory social contacts
o High population density leads to keeping strangers at bay
o Diverse, ever-changing population makes people feel unstable and insecure.
- Ethnic and homosexual communities
o Communities help promote and protect members
By publicizing community issues, promoting local activities and using local
institutions to maintain group traditions.
o Safe place for victimized groups to build communities.
o Promotes an acceptance of social diversity. o Well-enough organized to permit diversity and poorly-enough organized to fail to ensure
conformity (everyone behaves in the “norm” way)
o Institutional Completeness
A strategy of resistance
Allows communities to mingle and interact freely.
CHAPTER 6 – STARTING POINTS: SEXUALITY
o Some sexual deviations play a valuable role in our society.
o Sexual deviants:
Fix boundaries of acceptable morality within our society.
Provides people with varied sexual outlets to fulfill desires.
Might help keep families together by preventing marital affairs
- Critical Theory:
o Who benefits from the existing social order and who suffers?
Dominant groups determine what is normal and what is legal or illegal.
Prostitution reflects gender inequality, exploitation.
- Symbolic Interactionism
o Sexual Scripts: Guidelines that describe socially acceptable ways of behaving when
engaging in sexual activities
o People come to know and accept varieties in sexual behaviors of others, admit the
acceptability and normality of behaviors formerly considered abnormal.
o Male-dominated and exploitive of women and their bodies.
o Society condemns a sexually active teenage girl more strongly than a teenage boy.
o Boritch: „fallen woman‟ are ones who violated her gende