Textbook Notes (368,552)
Canada (161,962)
Sociology (1,513)
SOC103H1 (103)
Chapter

SOC103 Reading Sociology Section 6

3 Pages
79 Views
Unlock Document

Department
Sociology
Course
SOC103H1
Professor
Lorne Tepperman
Semester
Winter

Description
PART VI – EDUCATION Chapter 22 – The Rise of the “Research University”: Gendered Outcomes - The impact of university restructuring on the academic gender gap - The current focus on research, internationalism, and entrepreneurship perpetuates the gender gap - Gender gap refers to the fact that men occupy full-time tenured university jobs with higher ranks and salaries - University quality has been compared internationally o The Times Higher Education-QS World University Rankings system is based largely on peer reviews, but also on citations and international staff/students o The Shanghai Jiao Tong Unniversity ranking system is based on research in science and engineering o Research assessment tends to influence what researchers study - The shift from teaching universities to research universities o Teaching universities still concentrate on undergraduate education and hire more women o Growing bureaucracy  Unreasonable research expectations  University downsizing creates obstacles for academics who lack job security or have few publications  Women academics have less job security than men  Women academics are less likely to publish peer-reviewed articles than men o Little family-friendly policies (for women) o Working long hours without getting ahead  More men remain fully employed until retirement o Many academics come from overseas  Men acknowledged their partner’s support in relocating  Women acknowledged the challenges of relocating alone - Conclusion o Fewer women wanted to compete in an individualistic environment o More men accepted the long-hours culture and values in an individualistic environment o Research universities tend to favour masculine behaviours that are competitive and confrontational o This suggests that the gender gap will persist even more as women rise through the ranks Chapter 23 – Education, Ethnonationalism, and Non-violence in Quebec - A country’s level of education is positively correlated to its level of ethnic violence, but education does not promote ethnic violence in wealthy countries o The Quebec separatist movement has been dominated by the educated elite  The educated are greatly overrepresented among PQ supporters  The educated have played the most influential role in the movement  The movement became a powerful force in Quebec only after the educational system expanded and produced an increasingly large number of educated people  Education and educational expansion are linked to the movement in different ways  Independence was in the interests of the educated  Anglophone males earned between 11-25% more than francophone males o Earning gap increases with level of education  Educated francophones experienced a greater gap in income than less-educated francophones, increased perception of inequality, and increased discrimination in the workplace o The factors that prevented the movement from turning violent  Quebec has a steady economic growth and high standard of living  Economic situation of francophones has improved relative to anglophones  Earning differentials disappeared  Economic returns of education are greater among francophones  Effective democratic government  Canada used very little coercion (e.g., physical violence) in dealing with the movement  Neither the Canadian nor the Quebec government formally discriminated (e.g., subordinate, outside the political community) against francophones  Political institutions provide a means for disgruntled actors to address their grievances  Allowing PQ to participate in the national parliament  Allowing francophones to control change through formal politics, not violence Chapter 24 – From International Universities to Diverse Local Communities? International Students in Halifax and Beyond - Highly skilled migrants are desirable based on the assumption that human capital assures successful post-migratory integration, while keeping the costs of integration low for the host state - Both national governments and non-governmental actors (translational corporations, localized businesses, universities) attract, select, and bear the costs for integrating skilled migrants - There is an increase in the number of international students in Halifax o Result of sustained investments from the pro
More Less

Related notes for SOC103H1

Log In


OR

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


OR

By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.


Submit