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SOC103H1 (103)
Bush Taa (1)
Chapter 2

Chapter 2: Material Settings

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Bush Taa

Chapter 2 Material SettingsKey Concepts Ways of Looking at Problems Population Functionalism Talks about overpopulation as a serious global concern The field of demography is functionalist States that food supplies grow additively linear relation and people grow exponentially an exponential relation and thus eventually the population will outgrow the number of resources needed to sustain everyone Concerned with social equilibrium and feels that naturenatural laws of social life will enact positive checks to counter overpopulation and reassert social equilibrium unless people work on preventive checksCritical Theory Suggests that fears of overpopulation are off base because the real issue is unequal distribution of resources Only disadvantaged countries experience the severe positive checks malthus descried and thus inequality and poverty cause the problems associated with overpopulationSuggests that a zero population growth strategy is the best option Urban LifeFunctionalism Social problems in the city are a natural result of growth and specialization increase of wealth leads to increase in theft or robberies more privacymore private vice density increases competitions for local resources Cities lead to social disorganization as a cost to be paid for the positive aspects of city life Critical Theory Attributes some of the negative aspects of city life to capitalism not to inevitable results of city life Economic inequality leads to homelessness and poverty and poor living conditions Symbolic Interactionism Cities are overly stimulating and create sensory overload and thus to adapt people must tune out to the events and people around them to prevent being overwhelmed However not everyone in a city has the same experience Focuses on urban culture and subculture and the way people form groups in cities Ethnic groups youth gangs and corporate elites are all parts of urban culture and subculture The EnvironmentFunctionalism Everyone is involved in the pollution of the environment in some way or the other Our societies desire for pleasure leads us to contribute to this Cultural ideologies tend to lead to environmentally destructive behaviours
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