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SOC103H1 (103)

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Lorne Tepperman

RS 3: Socialization Chapter 10 : Online Innteractions among men who have sex with men: Situated Performances and Sexual Education by Anthony P. Lombardo: • MSM is known for men who have sex with men and a popular place is the internet to find sexual partners • Quantitative research has focused on risk behaviours among MSM who do and do not seek sex online while Qualitative research has begun on how men use the internet in their sexual lives for learning about gay culture and social networking, and their experiences seeking sex online • This chapter presented findings from a study that presented from qualitative work with the focus on the role of the internet in the sexual lives of MSM • The analysis presented here highlights how men learned to participate and interact in the online sex seeking process drawing upon Erving Goffman’s notions of the presentation of self in analyzing men’s online interactions • Method used in this study was a ethnographic exploration of 23 MSM in Toronto who use internet for same sex sexual purposes with men being interviewed both online and offline and the study receiving ethics approval from UofT • Findings: men’s account showed how they learned to give legitimated performances of self in their online interactions demonstrating rules of how a man should present his physical characteristics in online sexual search which became to be similar to offline seeking • Men also had to learn to construct the selves of their potential partners • Goffman’s concepts of the given and the given off are shown here where men must be careful about not only what they give and give off through their own actions but also what is given and given off by their potential partners • Online interactions also came to be sexual education for some men learning about sexual health and risk through website also through their online interactions with other MSM • Discussion: these findings show that men being somewhat restricted in how they could present their self in the online sexual search Chapter 11: The Ecology of College Drinking: Revisiting the role of the Campus Environment on Student’s Drinking Patterns by Nancy B, Andree D, and Louis G • Critical transition in life is the passage from adolescence to adulthood with a core component of this shift is from secondary schools to higher education institutions where college drinking enters creating a concern for youth health capital • This is anchored in the social practise theory seeking to address the issue with an empirical investigation of Canadian undergraduates • Emile Durkheim’s suicide states that human activity is defined by the social environment • According to the social norms theory students appraisals of descriptive and injunctive drinking norms characterizing their campus environment modulate their drinking patterns • These norms represent the students perceptions of typicality and moral acceptability of drinking behaviours commonly displayed by peers • In the social theory health lifestyles are not random but deliberate individual choices in which life choices are viewed as a process of agency by which individuals evaluate and choose their course of action • Giddens work explain this agency and structure intersection by stating that human activity is comprised 3 modalities: normative, political, and semantic and it is believed that post secondary drinking is governed by such modalities • Normative – stresses the centrality to display a skilled performance in negotiation of drinking related sanctions such as peer pressure • Political- directs attention to the impact of the administrative power relationships on post secondary students alcohol consumption through alcohol policies controlled by campus authorities • Semantic- underlies the performative components of the act of drinking whose definition rests on commonly held assumptions by members of a given student community about the meaning of this lifestyle • These pathways are deemed subjective level (students individual representation of the social environment) and collective level( representations proper to members of a given student community) • Findings: variability in academic environments in HED was connected to collective alcohol related practises, independent of their subjective measures • The normative pathway indicated that the collective social acceptance based on drinking emerged as a risk factor for HED therefore supporting properties of the collective level of analysis • No collective effects were found for semantic may be due to the modifying relationship
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