Textbook Notes (280,000)
CA (170,000)
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Chapter 3

Chapter 3 textbook summary


Department
Sociology
Course Code
SOC200H1
Professor
Eric Fong
Chapter
3

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THE ETHICAL DIMENSION OF SOC RESEARCH
-procedures sometimes cant be used based on: being too impractical, being ethically prohibitive, being
politically difficult or impossible
- problem w ethics: they're not always self-evident: not everything black/white, shades of grey
- ethical considerations arent always apparent to us
- concern with ethical standards in research gained momentum in north America 2nd half of 20th C
(medical experiments)
- SOC SCI research can harm research subjects: eg PSY harm & stress eg Milgrams obedience to
authority
- PHY harm must also be guarded against
- researching deviant ACTs may result in putting subjects into legal jeopardy
ETHICAL CODES, REBS, AND THE TRI-COUNCIL POLICY STATEMENT
- codes of ethics + other guidelines for moral conduct in research became prevalent in 2nd half of 20th C,
to guard against harms that can come to human subjects
- for every decade, has been more attention to ethical reviews of research
- 90s: CDN got a national set of ethical guidelines founded for INSTs that get funding
- 94: 3 major granting agencies in CDN: 1 the medical research council, 2 the natural SCI &
engineering research council, 3 SOC SCI & humanities research council
- these formed the TRI-Council Working group – joint policy concerning ethical standards for research
involving humans – goal: create standard of ethical norms transcended disciplinary boundaries
-98 they issued TRI-council policy statement, to get funding, u must follow the principles & policies of
the statement
- gaining ethical approval of proposed research projects by an ethics committee has been required by
many INSTs & granting agencies
- DIFF ethical review boards:
- TCPS – rules for the standarization of the ethics review process
- Research ethic boards (REBs) - common procedures & follow the same ethical guidelines
- Unis establish their own REBs
- REB has right to approve, reject, request modifications to research involving human subjects
- ethical review required of all research involving humans
USING STATISTICS CANADA DATA
- guidelines for ethical use not limited to the collection of new data
- STA CDN has great concern for maintaining confidentiality
-restricts disclosure of INFO when the number of cases are too few
ETHICAL ISSUES IN SOC RESEARCH
- complex & continually evolving
- not always agreement on what is or isnt ethical
- any given research situation may present researchers with new, challenging ethical dilemmas
- ethics – associated with morality & both deal with matters of right & wrong
- what we regard as ethics and morality in everyday life is a matter of agreement among memebers of a
GR – DIFF Grs have DIFF codes of conduct
VOLUNTARY PARTICIPATION
- experimental participation must be voluntary in medical research and social research
- easier to accept tin theory than in practice
- norm of voluntary participation goes directly against a number of SCI concerns
- generalizability is threatened if experimental subjects or survey respondents are only the kinds of PPL
who willingly participate in such things
- eg descriptive survey – cant generalize the sample survey findings to an entire POP unless a
substantial majority of the SCI selected sample actually participates
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