Chapter 3 textbook summary

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30 Sep 2011
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THE ETHICAL DIMENSION OF SOC RESEARCH
-procedures sometimes cant be used based on: being too impractical, being ethically prohibitive, being
politically difficult or impossible
- problem w ethics: they're not always self-evident: not everything black/white, shades of grey
- ethical considerations arent always apparent to us
- concern with ethical standards in research gained momentum in north America 2nd half of 20th C
(medical experiments)
- SOC SCI research can harm research subjects: eg PSY harm & stress eg Milgrams obedience to
authority
- PHY harm must also be guarded against
- researching deviant ACTs may result in putting subjects into legal jeopardy
ETHICAL CODES, REBS, AND THE TRI-COUNCIL POLICY STATEMENT
- codes of ethics + other guidelines for moral conduct in research became prevalent in 2nd half of 20th C,
to guard against harms that can come to human subjects
- for every decade, has been more attention to ethical reviews of research
- 90s: CDN got a national set of ethical guidelines founded for INSTs that get funding
- 94: 3 major granting agencies in CDN: 1 the medical research council, 2 the natural SCI &
engineering research council, 3 SOC SCI & humanities research council
- these formed the TRI-Council Working group – joint policy concerning ethical standards for research
involving humans – goal: create standard of ethical norms transcended disciplinary boundaries
-98 they issued TRI-council policy statement, to get funding, u must follow the principles & policies of
the statement
- gaining ethical approval of proposed research projects by an ethics committee has been required by
many INSTs & granting agencies
- DIFF ethical review boards:
- TCPS – rules for the standarization of the ethics review process
- Research ethic boards (REBs) - common procedures & follow the same ethical guidelines
- Unis establish their own REBs
- REB has right to approve, reject, request modifications to research involving human subjects
- ethical review required of all research involving humans
USING STATISTICS CANADA DATA
- guidelines for ethical use not limited to the collection of new data
- STA CDN has great concern for maintaining confidentiality
-restricts disclosure of INFO when the number of cases are too few
ETHICAL ISSUES IN SOC RESEARCH
- complex & continually evolving
- not always agreement on what is or isnt ethical
- any given research situation may present researchers with new, challenging ethical dilemmas
- ethics – associated with morality & both deal with matters of right & wrong
- what we regard as ethics and morality in everyday life is a matter of agreement among memebers of a
GR – DIFF Grs have DIFF codes of conduct
VOLUNTARY PARTICIPATION
- experimental participation must be voluntary in medical research and social research
- easier to accept tin theory than in practice
- norm of voluntary participation goes directly against a number of SCI concerns
- generalizability is threatened if experimental subjects or survey respondents are only the kinds of PPL
who willingly participate in such things
- eg descriptive survey – cant generalize the sample survey findings to an entire POP unless a
substantial majority of the SCI selected sample actually participates
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Document Summary

Procedures sometimes cant be used based on: being too impractical, being ethically prohibitive, being politically difficult or impossible. Problem w ethics: they"re not always self-evident: not everything black/white, shades of grey. Ethical considerations arent always apparent to us. Concern with ethical standards in research gained momentum in north america 2nd half of 20th c (medical experiments) Soc sci research can harm research subjects: eg psy harm & stress eg milgrams obedience to authority. Phy harm must also be guarded against. Researching deviant acts may result in putting subjects into legal jeopardy. Ethical codes, rebs, and the tri-council policy statement. Codes of ethics + other guidelines for moral conduct in research became prevalent in 2nd half of 20th c, to guard against harms that can come to human subjects. For every decade, has been more attention to ethical reviews of research. 90s: cdn got a national set of ethical guidelines founded for insts that get funding.

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