Textbook Notes (369,205)
Canada (162,462)
Sociology (1,513)
SOC205H1 (16)
Chapter 4

Chapter 4.pdf

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Brent Berry

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Chapter 4 rural and urban  Rural and urban Canada are inextricably linked  Rural places provide the timber, food, minerals, and energy that serve as bases of urban growth.  Rural also process urban pollution, refresh and restore urban populations, and maintain the heritage upon which much of our Canadian identity rest  In return, urban Canada provides the markets for rural goods, much of its technology, and most of its financial capital and manufactured goods, along with a good deal of its media-based culture  Definitions of rural 1. Census rural area  Population living outside places of 1000 people or more, or population living outside places with densities of 400 or more per square kilometer 2. Rural and small town  Population living outside the main commuting zone of large urban centres (10,000 or more) 3. Census metropolitan area and census agglomeration influenced zones(MIZ) OECD rural communities 4. OECD predominantly rural regions 5. Mon-metropolitan regions 6. Rural postal codes  Three types of society 1. The short-distance society  At the time of Confederation, most people lived in rural areas  The high birth rate in rural areas provided labor for the local industries  Activity flows to a single sphere, high overlap of community systems 2. Industrial society  Scale, hierarchy, centralization, consolidation, focus on national metrics (e.g. GDP), separation of community systems  Fordism, use of assembly lines. 3. The Arena society  Community systems unsynchronized/noncoherant, high personal mobility, flexible production, just in time  Mass production gave way to Flexible production that was more responsive to competition and demand  New Rural Economy in Canada 1. More diverse and complex  Small agricultural producers, processors manufactures have largely replaced by huge vertically integrated corporations  Rural Canada is heterogeneous  Agriculture is only a small part of the rural contest  Many urban regions in Canada have associated urban frontiers-rural areas strongly integrated with their economy 2. Services and amenities are growing  Urban economy can no longer employ surplus rural workers- created major problems of unemployment in urban areas and forced gov’t to search for methods to increase employm
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