Textbook Notes (368,497)
Canada (161,927)
Sociology (1,513)
SOC205H1 (16)
Chapter 15

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Brent Berry

Chapter 15  Canadian cities described as having 2 zones o Inner zone= older area of urban region o Outer zone= developed in recent decades where densities are lower, land use more segregated, and organized around the automobile  Toronto with two thoughts in mind o Toronto’s place in the Canadian urban system makes it worth study as a case in itself o Toronto is not a solitary case  Toronto o How city fabrics reflect urban economy o The role of corporations in shaping urban space today o The ongoing reproduction of city’s often transitory fabric o The influence of modernist and postmodern planning and architecture on the contemporary city o The dialogical nature of urban forms  The distillery o Built in 1860 o Once Canada’s largest liquor manufacture o 3 period on Canadian urban economy:  Pre-industrial phase  Mercantile period 1. Function: Entrepots (staple goods, fur, fish, lumber), administrative or military outposts 2. Power: Officials of the imperial state and its colonial agencies  Commercial period 1. Function: regional trade and services(gov’t, bank, hospital), amid colonial settlement 2. Power: entrepreneurial and professional colonial immigrant class  Industrial phase  Early period 1. Function: small-scale industry mainly for local and regional markets 2. Power: Colonial patrician class  Later period 1. Function: large-scale manufacturing and extractive industries 2. Power: company owners, business elites of the industrial economy  New urban zones were formed  Wealthy moved from centre  Workers lived close to factories  Post-industrial phase  Function: Business, financial, professional and personal services  Power: multinational corporations and elites of the service economy  De-industrialization-decline of manufacturing in city economies  Moved away in 3 direction 1. To highly competitive industrial nations like Japan and China 2. To developing countries with cheap labour and weak environmental regulations 3. To US as an effect of free trade accords  These patterns illustrate an important aspect of deindustrialization in Canadian cities, its close connection with economic globalization  Inner city job cluster—business and professional services, financial services, tourism and IT.  Increasing gap in income and wealth and greater polarization among
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