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SOC218H1 Chapter Notes -Sansei, Japanese Canadians, Blue-Collar Worker

Course Code
Eric Fong

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Social Mobility: The Sansei Style (Chapter 2)
- Sansei- 3rd Generation Japanese Canadians, Born in Canada, grew up in Canada, live in Caucasian area, 84% own house
- Of 64 individuals: many are full time, no students, whole group fully employed than general pop, middle class, strive to
attend higher social status done by relaxed area, hold middle ranking management positions, secure economic positions
than their parents decade ago
- Average years of education is 16.2, exceed parent’s level of 12/ 7/10 have university of post graduate degree, 14% in
diploma in specific professionals, 19% are high school graduate
- No differences in level of education but slightly higher in Quebec & Ontario as to other place (because they are home
town natives- born and live in same area for throughout whole life and less educated)
o Those who lived in smaller centre and came from other regions for occupational purpose are best educated
- Japanese Canadians are highly educated group of all Canada, next or parallel to Jewish, Sansei being highest subgroup
o Almost universally college-educated for Sansei
- JC belief that self-advancement was achieved by education is chief factorstrong and persistent values
o Passed on by role-model and reinforcement/ 2 of 3 people affirmed the significant impact of the value place on
attainting a higher education
- 1950-1960, more people viewed academic competence as important goalfor middle and working class especially
o JC family appears to most eager to attain higher education
o Shamai 1992- between 1941-1981, Asians were most likely to go from underachievers to overachievers
Asian family and ethnic values are important source of Socialization
- Hirschman & Wong (1986)
o Verified a desperate faith in education among Asian Americans to be historical
o Indicate that Native born Chinese & JA had reached educational party with majority whites already in pre WW2
o Discrimination did not affect ability of JA or CA families to support education of their native born children
- Bonacich and Mondell- Extraordinary education achievement of Asian groups- being middleman minorities, the parents
wish to provide education for their children to enter as professionals or to take over family business by providing them
with highest possible education
- JC was more historical or traditional in sense they pass on their educational values, it was higher or more persistent than
culture, food, language and religious practices
- Few options existed for bettering life, so school was a natural process
- Bc of uprooting, the Japanese realize that education cannot be taken away while material possessions can
- Nisei parents believe in education because they want to give their children the opportunities denied to them
o Believe one Person represent the family and community (do well, and your community looks good)
- Few JC mentioned stress or anxiety because it began a natural processrole model of siblings, it was unspoken plan
o Stress and pressure from entire family and Japanese-Canadian Community on Sansei generation
- Education is an important determinant of one’s initial position in the job market & affects one’s subsequent opportunities
as well
o In the group, 50% are in profession, 28% are in managerial/administrative jobs at middle
level/corporate/business/ owner-manager,
o Those w.o HS education are in white-collar field or skill trade, no blue collar (unskilled) occupation
- Those from Quebec & Ontario showed higher % of middle-high professional managerial categories and less blue collar
o In BC highest JC are blue-collar positions
o The study group here is too small to provide confirmation with national census data
- Many JC was self employment (main goal) as they
o Those who were stuck in areas where they were born and raised tend to be self employed serving to general
o Nisei fathers has substantially achieve enough economic mobility within the dominant economic institutions to
gain success
- 4 groups: professional, managerial-administrative, white-collar & blue collar
o small sample appear in blue-collar (men_ but none were women
o 23% of Sansei hold same position of Nisei, few individual of downward mobility
o more than half the people moved up, only half the respondents’ Nisei father had careers as skilled workers and
ended up in the blue collar (10% higher than the Toronto Nisei samples surveyed earlier)
o same proportion of Sansei are employed in some sort of professions
o upward mobility from blue collar to professional or managerial sector
- high rate of mobility reflects intergenerational shifts in occupation structure in 1970-80s, due to high education level
- general feeling of contentment concerning careers & economic position among Sansei,
o they consider their job to be secure and feel confident when compared to their same age group and father
- most important goalsimportance of advancing themselves as far as possible , some learned to live realistically >goals
- Sansei are oriented towards independents/self-employment
o This is only for male, not as much with female, because they value freedom and autonomy> econ security
o Only some urge for strive for economic success, for Sansei, it is not as important to impress others and only few
compared themselves with their Nisei Father
- Sansei- Modest, to achieve satisfactory life, aspire to be with family with personal advancement not alienating families
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