Textbook Notes (368,432)
Canada (161,877)
Sociology (1,513)
SOC220H1 (14)
Chapter 14

Gender Week 8 - GrabbGuppy chapter 14.docx

3 Pages
Unlock Document

Josh Curtis

Gender – G+G Ch. 13 - Inequalities of Gender and Class: Charting the Sea Change Introduction • Second-wave feminism (1960s) was a movement that changed the way feminism existed – defining a “before” and “after” of significant difference • Before: men are main characters of interest, women (if there) only in supporting roles • “sea change” – means that women’s lives and inequalities between men and women are less likely to be marginalized or ignored • After: women’s experience and issues of gender are more in the foreground not background • Inequality studies tend to focus less on women’s experience – “sea change” opened up significance of women’s experience and gender for the analysis of inequality • Earlier arguments addressed stratification by “sex”, later was changed to gender • a gender perspective regards being masculine or feminine as a social achievement VS. sex that says mas/fem is natural and cannot change • Society is organized around gender identities – inequalities associated w/ being male or female 3 Levels of Challenge Level One: The Challenge ofAcknowledging Women’s Experience • make women visible – recognizes the existence of two genders not just male • fitting women into the study of stratification can mean providing only a description of the inequality and not the explanation • Marxist approaches to class analysis of capitalism were male oriented • Limitations of the “Stretch to Fit” Strategy o Fitting women into existing formulations of class analysis o Gendered theory – primarily from male experience, NOT “general” theory o Critique of neglecting women in theories – poor solution: put them into existing framework o Sex has rarely been analyzed as a factor in stratification, yet is one of the most obvious criteria for social differentiation and bases of economic, political and social inequalities o The way we include women in the stratification becomes the key area of attention Level Two: The Challenge of Explaining Gender Inequality • Inclusion of women into existing theoretical framework is not enough – focus should be on identification and examination of gender inequality • Revise class analysis in ways to better reflect the historical and contemporary reality that the working class has two sexes • Gender and class would not have the same analytical status – class would be primary • Theory of capitalism can be revised to encompass gender inequalities • Dual system theory (Hartmann) – capitalism was sex blind, gendered hierarchy was needed to identify the positioning of individuals within the structure of capitalism • Dual system theory involved the recognition that class categories cannot be the basis of a general theory of inequality • Gender and race ‘fractionalize’class categories • Research within the domestic sphere also exposed inequalities among women (immigrants) • Immigrant women working as live-in domestic household workers (female employing a female) – adds class and race complexities to gender inequalities Level Three: The Challenge of Multi
More Less

Related notes for SOC220H1

Log In


Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.