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SOC246H1 (20)
Chapter

Mature Societies Summary

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Department
Sociology
Course
SOC246H1
Professor
Markus Schafer
Semester
Winter

Description
MATURE SOCIETIES the world is entering into demographic maturitywestern Europe now has more ppl over age 60 than under 15by 2050 more ppl globally will be over age 50 than under age 15 in terms of s it is to the developing world we turn23 of the worlds older pop resides in developing countries not talking about the age wavemany ppl believe that pop ageing is solely the result of the baby boom gen moving its way up the pop pyramid demographic maturing is a global trend that heralds longterm shifts in indvl and soc behaviour change that are likely to restructure soc for the futurepowering this trend are declines in fertility and increases in the normal lifespanthis is going to restructure soc see reading two 19301940s classical demographic transition 1980s levels of fertility significantly below replacement level 21 generational measures reveal that fertility level had been continuously declining even through the 30s40sfundamental norms regarding the desirability of having many children changed or perhaps the economic structure of modern soc reduced the need to bear a lot of childrenlow fertility seems to be a characteristic of postindustrial socthwhile max lifespan has remained more or less constant 20 cent social economic and medical innovations have also enabled more ppl to achieve the max lifespan essentially life expectancy has improvedfemale 77 male 71 there is evidence of rectangulization of the life curve in the west w a growingreaching out toward the current max lifespan the eventual convergence of the max and normal lifespans should be seen as a great successfor most indvls born in a soc to reach the natural limit to human life in good health and w few frailties is a maj achievement for any socto accomplish this on a global lvl would be the achievement of civilization for then we would have conquered poverty disease famine and warwe have already felt the impact of factors associated w demographic ageing falling fertility and morality and increasing longevity and those contributing to it advances in living standards education public health and medicinepop ageing promises to influence decision making at every level indvl national and internationalthe social economic and political areas that this shift may affect the labour market saving and consumption patterns family and household structure social interaction and networks demand for health and welfare services supply of housing and transportation leisure and comm behaviour and geopolitical orderindvls and govts in developingdeveloped countries must understand the reality of pop aging in order to plan soc frameworks and policies appropriate for the demographic challenges and opp ahead Demographic Burden Hypothesis
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