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SOC309Y1 (31)

Sex,Drugs,Prisons, and HIV.docx

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Travis K.Bost

Sex, Drugs, Prisons, and HIV Susan Okie - prisons have a lot of risky sexual activities - as in all US prisons, sex is illegal at the facility, as in nearly all, condoms are prohibited - some inmates try to take precautions, fashioning makeshift condoms from latex gloves or sandwich bags - they are not thinking of the consequences except for later - Drugs, and sometimes needles and syringes, find their way inside the walls o Share needles and don't take a minute to rinse them o When needles have been stopped that traffic, inmates who take illicit drugs usually snort or swallow them o Tattooing, use stables, a nail… anything with a point - Sex occurs in prisons despite prohibitions, the World Health Organization (WHO) and the Joint United Nation Program on HIV/AIDS have recommended for more than a decade that condoms be made available to prisoners. - Also recommended that prisoners have access to bleach for cleaning injecting equipment, that drug-dependence treatment and methadone maintenance programs be offered in prisons if they are provided in the community and that needle-exchange programs be considered - „harm reduction‟with largely favorable results. o Providing sterile needles and syringes in some 50 prisons in 8 countries o Adramatic decrease in needle sharing, no new cases of hepatitis B or C, and no reported instances of needles being used as weapons o Condoms are currently provided on a limited basis in only two state prison systems (Vermont and Mississippi). And five country jail systems (NY, Philadelphia, San Francisco, LA, Washington DC) - Drug-related offenses are a major reason for the population of incarcerated growth. - More than half of all inmates had a mental health problem, and many have used illicit drugs as self-medication for untreated mental disorders - Some behaviors that increase the risk of contracting HIV and other bloodborne or sexually transmitted infections can also lead to incarceration, and the burder of infectious diseases in prisons is high - Critics in the public health community have been urging US prison officia
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