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SOC309Y1 (31)

Lurie, Hintzen & Lowe: Socioeconomic obstacles to HIV prevention and treatment in developing countries

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Robb Travers

SOC309 October 7 2011 Socioeconomic obstacles to HIV prevention and treatment in developing countries the role of the International Monetary Fund and the World Bank Peter Lurie Percy Hintzen and Robert A LoweIntroduction y Argue social and economic forces have also played a critical role in promoting the spread of HIVy Failure to consider all aspects of HIV may be inhibiting our ability to reduce the spread of HIV infectiony HIV highest in urban centers along trade routes among commercial sex workers and among male migrant workersy Macroeconomic measures evaluate national economic performances using indicators such as GNP employment rate and inflation rateo This approach in 1980s is spearheaded y International Monetary Fund IMF and the World Bank may have created conditions favouring the spread of HIVThe historical origins of structural adjustment programs y 1950s and 1973 growth in economics of industrialized nations increased demand for exports Expansion of economydeveloping countries emulated social policies providing government support for health education and welfare programs y 1970s hit to economy in early 1970sOrganization of PetroleumExporting Countries oil embargo of 1973 quadrupled oil prices Increased cost of exports lowered the demando Develo
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