SOC309Y1 Chapter Notes -Safe Sex, Arthur Ashe, Hegemonic Masculinity

41 views2 pages
13 Apr 2012
School
Department
Course
Professor
SOC309 Readings
9) “There’s No Such Thing As A Gay Hero”: Sexual Identity and Media Framing of HIV-Positive Athletes
NOTE: article is VERY repetitive.
9) “There’s No Such Thing As A Gay Hero”: Sexual Identity and Media Framing of HIV-Positive
Athletes Faye Linda Wachs and Shari L. Dworkin
- Members of the straight community who engage in high-risk sexual behaviour are somewhat
absolved of the stigma of AIDS because they are, in the case of “promiscuous men, conforming
to dominant IDEOLOGIES about male virility
- Heterosexual male athletes and AIDS, women are constructed as responsible for both putting
themselves at risk and bringing risk to the athletes
- Continuous struggle over what is labelled as good sex and what is marked and stigmatized as
bad sex
- Surveillance is carried out in a variety of ways, one being the confessional
- Team sports were considered male appropriate, whereas sports that emphasize grace were
associated with femininity
- Johnson- participation in basketball, is part of the cultural discourse that defines and
(re)produces not only masculinity but also hegemonic masculinity
Icon/examplar of how to be a man including sexual access to women
- Johnson is framed as a hero for living with a stigmatized illness
Louganis is framed as a carrier who was morally responsible for alerting the heterosexual
community to this risk
- Social and cultural assumptions about the acceptability of sexual practices and the identities
conflated with these practices
- The mass media frame and accept, condemn, and deny behaviours
- The data demonstrate that Johnsons redemption appeared to be inevitable, whereas Louganiss
redemption was impossible given the news frame of sexual identity and the AIDS virus
- Johnson framed as a hero for 2 primary reasons:
1) For encouraging public awareness of the AIDS epidemic, particularly in heterosexual and minority
communities
2) For gracefully and honestly dealing with a socially stigmatized illness, taking the sting out of
HIV/AIDS
- Louganis as a carrier where he is discussed with reference to his moral obligation to inform
others of this status (still framed as having morally debatable actions)
- 7 out of 11 articles mention Louganis is gay, none mention his long-term partner, this reinforces
cultural conceptions of what is a legitimate or real relationship
- Rather than condemning Johnson, newspaper articles focus primarily on how unlikely it is that
one would acquire HIV/AIDS on the court
- The image of Johnsons bleeding and the fear it engendered became a sign not of his deviance,
but rather of the publics ignorance about the risk of transmission and Johnsons heroism at
living with a stigmatized illness
Unlock document

This preview shows half of the first page of the document.
Unlock all 2 pages and 3 million more documents.

Already have an account? Log in

Get OneClass Notes+

Unlimited access to class notes and textbook notes.

YearlyBest Value
75% OFF
$8 USD/m
Monthly
$30 USD/m
You will be charged $96 USD upfront and auto renewed at the end of each cycle. You may cancel anytime under Payment Settings. For more information, see our Terms and Privacy.
Payments are encrypted using 256-bit SSL. Powered by Stripe.