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Sociology (1,479)
SOC313H1 (7)
Chapter 8

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University of Toronto St. George
Tyler Frederick

Chapter 8 Surveillance Surveillance any collection and processing of personal data whether identifiable or not for the purposes of influencing or managing those whose data have been garndered David Lyon 2001 Surveillance involves the purposive monitoring of conduct to allow for the identification acquisition and classification of information with the intention of modifying that conduct in some manner Foucault 1977 a figure of the syndic was appointed from amongst the members of the community to keep watch over its condition and to record the spread of disease within it The syndic was monitored by the intendants who reported to the magistrates who reported to the mayor Characteristics of new surveillance 1 Extent to which it is embedded within the routines of everyday life accustomed to having behaviour monitored in a range of venues 2 It is based upon remote observation performed via a mediating technology Disciplinary Surveillance To date the most influential theory of the nature and functions of surveillance in latemodernity has been founded upon the work of Michel Foucault and in particular his concepts of discipline and panopticism Discipline is a form of automatized power wherein the subject of the regime is induced to become almost self regulating so as to act normally The generation of this reflexive and for the most part unnoticed automatic monitoring of the self was Foucault argued based upon the principles of panoptic surveillance The panopticon was an architectural prison design presented by the utilitarian reformer thJeremy Bentham in the 18 century Benthams aim in forwarding the design was to show how the exercise of power within the confines of the prison system could be rationalized with the intention of improving the reformation of the posited deviant natures of the inmatesBy designing the potential for constant surveillance into the architecture of the prison the inmate would be encouraged to accede to the power of the regime and become normalized ICTS information and communication technologies are better for surveillance because they process information quickly
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